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南岸区做黑脸娃娃多少钱Now it is official. Men really are more narcissistic than women, according to a massive American study which analysed three decades of data from more than 475,000 people.男性比女性更自恋,这一说法现在有官方持了。美国一项研究通过分析三十年来超过47.5万人的数据得出此结论。Researchers concluded that men had a greater senses of entitlement, making them more likely to exploit others.研究人员得出的结论是,男性强烈的特权意识使他们趋向利用他人,为己谋利。The findings were consistent across multiple age groups and generations, said the study#39;s authors at the University at Buffalo School of Management.来自布法罗大学管理学院的研究人员表示,该项研究在各年龄群以及不同年代人群中的结果都是一致的。However, men can take comfort in one conclusion from the study - narcissism may also have some positive effects.然而,该项研究中的一个结论可让男性有所释然——自恋可能也会产生积极的影响。;Narcissism is associated with various interpersonal dysfunctions, including an inability to maintain healthy long-term relationships, unethical behaviour and aggression,; said Emily Grijalva, assistant professor of organisation and human resources, and the paper#39;s lead author.该项研究论文的主要作者、组织与人力资源助理教授艾米丽#8226;格里哈尔瓦表示:“自恋与各种人际关系失调有关,包括无法维持良性发展的长期关系,行为不检点和强势好斗。”;At the same time, narcissism is shown to boost self-esteem, emotional stability and the tendency to emerge as a leader.;“同时,自恋促进自尊自信,情绪稳定和领袖潜能。”They sifted through more than 355 journal articles, dissertations, manuscripts and technical manuals, and studied gender differences in what they described as the three aspects of narcissism: leadership/authority, grandiosity/exhibitionism and entitlement.研究员对超过355份期刊文章、专题论文、文章手稿和技术手册进行筛选整理,并从领导力/权威性、好大喜功/爱出风头,以及自我权益意识等表现自恋的三个方面着手研究性别差异。It meant examining reactions to statements such as, ;If I ruled the world, it would be a much better place,; and ;I know that I am good because everyone keeps telling me so.;这项研究测试人们听到以下言论时的反应,如“世界若由我统治,将会更加美好。”和“我知道我很优秀,因为每个人都这么对我说。”They found the widest gap in entitlement, suggesting that men were more likely than women to exploit others and feel entitled to certain privileges.研究任员发现男女在优越感方面差距最大,这表明男性比女性更有可能利用他人,而且觉得自己理应享受某些特权。The difference narrowed when it came to vanity, which may explain why some women feel the need to clog Twitter and Facebook with countless pouting selfies.在虚荣这方面,性别差异在缩小。这就不难理解有些女性喜欢在Facebook和Twitter上发布那些噘嘴卖萌的自拍照。The results will be published in the forthcoming Psychological Bulletin journal.这些研究成果将会在下一期《心理学公报》杂志上发表。 /201503/365007 New ways to flight the flu抵御流感的新方法You go to bed feeling fine. The next morning you#39;re sick with a fever, exhaustion, headache, body aches and more.晚上睡觉之前你还感觉良好,但是第二天早上醒来后却发现自己病了,发烧、疲劳、浑身疼等等。You may have influenza, better known as the flu. It#39;s caused by a virus, a tiny bit of genetic material surrounded by a protein. Flu viruses infect the nose, throat and lungs. (If people claim to have ;stomach flu,; they are mistaken. They really have some other infection.)此时你可能已经患上流行性感冒,也就是我们通常所说的流感。这种病一般由病毒引起,病毒是一种由蛋白质裹着的遗传物质。这些流感病毒会感染鼻腔,喉咙和肺部。(如果患者觉得自己患了;肠胃感冒;,那他们就错了,事实上他们是患有其他感染)。Every year, between 5 percent and 20 percent of all Americans come down with the flu. Those numbers come from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services in Washington, D.C. Complications send more than 200,000 of these flu victims to the hospital each year. Worse, the flu kills anywhere from 3,000 to 49,000 people annually - and that#39;s just in the ed States.来自美国华盛顿卫生与公共务部的数据显示在美国每年约有5%-20%人口染上流感,并且其并发症会致使20万以上患者不得不到医院接受治疗。更糟的情况是每年流感都会导致不同地区3000-49000名患者死亡,而这一情况仅仅是在美国。A widesp outbreak of flu or another infectious disease is called an epidemic. In some years, flu sps so far and so fast that it causes a worldwide epidemic. This is known as a pandemic. Researchers hope to prevent a pandemic if possible. One tactic: vaccines.流感广泛爆发或另一种传染病被称为流行病。在某段时间内,流感快速、广泛爆发会引起世界范围内的流行病,叫做流行性疾病。如果可能的话研究者希望阻止它。而他们的首选应对策略是疫苗。Flu vaccines offer people some immunity. Immunity is the body#39;s ability to resist a particular disease by making proteins called antibodies. A vaccine can give that process a head start. However, no vaccine yet can fight all types, or strains, of flu.流感疫苗能增强人体免疫力,它是人类通过自身制造抗体蛋白质来抵御特殊疾病必不可少的能力,而疫苗会赋予这一过程一个顺利的开端。但迄今为止还没有一种疫苗能抵抗各种类型的流感。What#39;s more, notes David Morens, ;Flu is not one virus. It#39;s many, many viruses.; Morens works at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Md. As an epidemiologist, he studies the causes, patterns and effects of disease.就职于美国马里兰州贝塞斯达国立卫生研究所的David Morens补充道:流感不是由一个病毒构成,而是由大量的病毒构成。作为一名流行病学家,他对疾病的起因,发展模式以及所产生的后果进行了研究。 /201506/383389重庆市第四人民医院整形美容中心重庆永久激光脱毛哪里最便宜



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