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成都洗牙好么飞管家医院大全

2019年01月24日 14:43:27 | 作者:飞度管家医院表 | 来源:新华社
Business: Recruitment No names, no bias?商业:招聘,匿名求职,就能规避偏见?Anonymising job applications to eliminate discrimination is not easy.通过匿名求职来消除歧视,并非易事。“If youve got the grades, the skills and the determination, this government will ensure you can succeed,” trumpeted David Cameron, the British prime minister, on October 26th, as he unveiled plans to tackle discrimination in the workplace.10月26日,英国首相大卫·卡梅伦在他发布应对职场计划歧视时自豪地声称:“如果你成绩优异,拥有技能和决心,那么就可以在英国收获成功。”Ten big employers in the public and private sectors—including the civil service, HS and Deloitte—have agreed to start recruiting on a “name-blind” basis in Britain; others may also follow suit.来自公共行业和私营行业,包括国家行政部门,汇丰和德勤会计事务所在内的十个大雇主已经同意在英国开展以匿名方式招聘人才;其他公司或许也会效仿。In such schemes, those drawing up shortlists of applicants cannot see their names, with the aim of reducing racial and sexual bias.在这些方案中,为了减少对应聘者的种族和性别歧视,求职者的名字是不会出现在拟定的候选人名单上的。But do they work?但真的有用吗?Several countries have experimented with name-blind applications.其实,已经有一些国家试行过匿名申请工作的方案了。In 2010 Germanys Anti-Discrimination Agency, an advisory body, sponsored a voluntary scheme to get businesses to try it.早在2010年,德国的一家咨询机构—反歧视机构,发起了一项自愿计划,让企业们有机会去尝试。In France a law passed in 2006 made the anonymising of applicants CVs compulsory for firms of over 50 employees.2006年,法国通过了一项法案,强制公司接受超过50份的匿名简历。But the government was slow in laying down the conditions for how the law would operate, and only started enforcing it last year.但是,在制定条件如何实施方面,法国政府放慢了脚步,到去年才强制执行此法规。In Sweden and the Netherlands there have been some trials.瑞典和荷兰也进行过一些尝试。Discrimination against job applicants based on their names is well documented, particularly among ethnic minorities.求职者,特别是少数民族人因为名字而受到歧视的现象有记载可依。An experiment in Germany found that candidates with German-sounding names were 14% more likely to be called for an interview than candidates with Turkish ones.在德国,人们做过一个实验发现,拥有类似德国人名字的候选人比拥有土耳其类似名字的候选人得到面试的机率高出14%。A review of various studies, by the Institute for the Study of Labour (IZA) , a German outfit, found that anonymised job applications boost the chances of ethnic-minority candidates being invited to an interview.德国的一家团队—劳务研究所(IZA)的多项研究表明,匿名求职可以增加少数名族候选人得到面试的机率。A Swedish study found that it led to more ethnic-minority people being hired.瑞典的研究也发现,匿名求职的确能提高少数民族人的就业。However, the results from other trials are less clear.然而,其他实验的结果并没有那么清晰。A second Swedish experiment found that only women, not immigrants, were boosted by anonymous recruitment.瑞典的第二项实验发现,实行匿名招聘仅对女士有利,而非移民。According to the IZA, experiments in the Netherlands showed no increase in the likelihood of ethnic-minority candidates being offered a job if their CVs were seen anonymously, suggesting that discrimination had crept in at the interview stage.根据IZA 在荷兰的实验,来自少数民族的候选人并没有因为匿名简历而更易得到工作,这说明歧视已经悄悄蔓延到了面试阶段。Ensuring that a candidate is completely anonymous is also tricky.要确保候选人完全匿名也是很难做到的。A 2012 French study found that foreign-born candidates and those from poor districts were less likely to be called for interview when applications were anonymised.2012年,法国的一项研究发现,即使匿名申请工作,国外出生的和来自贫困地区的候选人不太可能得到面试的机会。Its authors suggested that recruiters may have used other indicators, such as knowledge of Arabic, to identify race.这项研究的作者认为,招聘人员或许利用了其他暗示标记,如是否会阿拉伯语来判断申请人的种族。In places fraught with religious tension, such as Northern Ireland, the name of a school can reveal a candidates faith, while a few years missing on a CV may suggest maternity leave, and thus that the candidate is female.在充满宗教矛盾的地区,如北爱尔兰,候选人的学校名称就能透露出其信仰,简历上几年的空白时间可能是因为休产假的缘故,这就可以断定候选人是位女士。Going name-blind when shortlisting candidates may be a sensible start, but it is likely to be just a small step towards ending hiring bias.将入围候选人的名字隐藏起来,这或许是一个明智的开端,但它可能只是在终结雇佣偏见道路上迈出的一小步而已。译文属Karen123456 /201702/490702习语:a dead beat讲解:a dead beat 的意思与moocher的意思相近,都是指借钱不还的人。但是a dead beat更强调借钱后的赖账行为。除此之外,a dead beat还有不劳而食,游手好闲的人,或寄生虫的意思。这个习语即可做名词也可作动词,做名词时,侧重于指赖账的人;做动词时,一般是指寄生,不劳而食。迷你对话:A :Have you everrun intoa person who triesbleed you white?你有没有遇到一个把你榨干的一个人?B :I am alwayson the look out forsuch girls.我一直在警惕这种女孩子。A :I hear that some guyssplash all their money about onthem.我听说有些人把钱都花在她们身上了。B :Mark is one of them. Hehas trouble witha girl who turned out to bea dead beat.马克就是其中的一个。他碰到一个女孩竟然是一个赖账的人。好词妙语:run into:偶然遇见I ran into Bob yesterday on main street.昨天我在大街上偶然遇到了鲍勃。He has run into trouble in his job.他的工作遇到了麻烦。blood sb white:把某人榨干look out:留神,注意Tell the children to look out when they cross the main street.告诉孩子们过大街时要当心。I shall look out that I dont trust him again.我要留神不再信任他了。Look out the milk doesnt spill.当心不要让牛奶溢出来。on the look out for sb:堤防警戒某人splash ones money about:挥霍金钱splash ones money about on sb:把金钱挥霍在某人身上have a trouble with:和某人之间有麻烦事情I have a lot trouble with pronunciation.我在语音方面有许多困难。They married in haste and had a lot of trouble他们结婚草率懊恼多。turn out:结果是How do you think the match will turn out?你想比赛结果会是怎么样? /201204/178741

第一, 迷你对话A: How was the party last night?昨天的晚会怎么样?B: It can’t be worse. My friend Peter made a monkey out of me.糟糕透顶了。我朋友Peter捉弄了我。A: Really?真的吗?B: Yeah, he told me the party was formal, so I wore a suit an d tie. But everybody else there was wearing a T-shirt and blue jeans. It sure make me feel like a fool.可不,他告诉我那个晚会是正式的,所以我就穿了西装,打了领带,可是其他人穿T恤衫,这真使我感觉自己像个傻瓜似的。第二, 地道表达make a monkey out of somebody1. 解词释义Make a monkey out of somebody的意思是“使出丑,耍弄,愚弄”的意思。2. 拓展范例e.g. He made a monkey out of me with his wisecracks about my abilities.他讽刺挖苦我的能力,出尽我的洋相。e.g. I suddenly realized that I had been made a monkey out of by opponents.我突然间意识到我被我的对手耍了。e.g. I dont like being made a monkey out of in front of my friends; dont play your jokes on me again when we have guests.我不喜欢在朋友面前被人戏弄。以后客人在场时,你不要再和我开玩笑。e.g. The children wont get to make a monkey out of her. Shes an old hand at baby-sitting.孩子们是不会跟她胡闹的,她是看孩子的老手了。e.g. When you see Sarah, dont you dare make a monkey out of her or Ill punch you.看见莎拉不要拿她开玩笑,不然小心我揍你。 /201704/504245

crazy adj.疯狂的;狂热的,着迷的He drives me crazy!他要把我逼疯了She is a crazy driver.她是一个疯狂的司机You have some pretty crazy friends!你有一些非常疯狂的朋友公众微信账号:贵旅特(shanghai_greeters) 公众账号:meisi1949 /201611/476774

Subject: The penny drops. 迷你对话A: I have given my explanation as clearly as possible. Can you understand?我已经尽量清楚地解释了,你能听懂吗?B: Oh, I see. The penny drops.哦,我明白了,原来如此。 地道表达 The penny drops. 1. 解词释义The penny drops. 是一句谚语,直接翻译是“便士掉下来了。”引申为“原来如此,恍然大悟”的意思,用于表示某人最终确认或明白了某事。其英文解释为:If you say the penny drops, you mean that you have finally understood something. 2. 拓展例句e.g. I have to explain the problem to her several times before the penny finally drops.那问题我给她解释了好几次,最后他才明白。e.g. It was only when I saw Rons car outside Pennys house that the penny finally dropped and I realized they were having an affair.就是我看见Ron的汽车停在Penny的房子外,我最终知道了他们之间有艳情。 Ps 1: give one’s explanation的意思是某人做解释。例如:I have attempted to give an explanation of this fact.我对这个事实已经尽力地作了解释。I think that you can give an explanation of your extraordinary behaviour?我认为你一定能对自己的不寻常行为作出解释吧?I feel that it is still necessary to give an explanation.我觉得就在现时仍有对此问题加以解释的必要。 Ps 2:as+adv.+as possible的意思是尽可能......地。例如:I want this agreement in black and white as soon as possible.我要尽快得到这份书面协议。I asked her to get in touch with Henry as soon as possible.我要求她尽快与亨利联系。If you inform me as fast as possible , I will be unequal to feel grateful.如果你尽快通知我,我将不胜感激。 /201312/266731

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