明星资讯腾讯娱乐2018年09月19日 19:24:22
Thank you very much, Mr. President.非常感谢您,总统先生。We, in fact, did have a candid, thoughtful and thorough conversation on a whole range of bilateral and international issues. 实际上,我们在一系列的双边和国际问题上确实进行了坦诚的、思想性和彻底的谈话。Over the last three years, the ed States and Russia have been able to make significant progress on a wide range of issues, including the New START Treaty, the 1,2,3 Agreement, the work weve done on Russias accession to the WTO, and setting up a presidential process whereby issues of trade and commerce, science, technology are all discussed at a much more intensive level.在过去的三年中,美国和俄罗斯已经在一系列广泛问题上有了重大进展,包括《新削减战略武器条约》,《1、2、3协议》,我们已经完成了俄罗斯加入世贸组织的工作,并建立一个总统对于贸易和商业,科学,技术等都在一个更密集的水平上讨论的流程。We agreed that we need to build on these successes, even as we recognize that there are going to be areas of disagreement, and that we can find constructive ways to manage through any bilateral tensions. 我们一致认为我们需要在这些成功之上建立,哪怕我们意识到,存在意见分歧,我们可以寻找建设性的方式来渡过两国之间任何的紧张关系。In particular, we discussed the need to expand trade and commercial ties between the ed States and Russia, which are still far below where they should be. 特别是,我们讨论了扩大美国和俄罗斯贸易及商业联系的需要,而这现在仍然远低于目前的水平。And I emphasized my priority of having Congress repeal Jackson-Vanik, provide permanent trade relations status to Russia so that American businesses can take advantage of the extraordinary opportunities now that Russia is a member of the WTO.而且既然俄罗斯已经是世贸组织成员,我强调我的国会优先废除废除《杰逊-凡尼》修正案,提供俄罗斯永久的贸易地位,以便美国的俄罗斯企业可以利用此非凡的机遇。We discussed a range of strategic issues, including missile defense, and resolved to continue to work through some of the difficult problems involved there.我们讨论了一系列的战略问题,包括导弹防御,并决心继续完成一些涉及到的困难问题。I thanked the President and the Russian people for the work theyve done with us on the Northern Distribution Network that is vital to providing supplies and resources to our brave troops who are still in Afghanistan.我感谢总统和俄罗斯人民对于我们北方配送网络所做的工作,提供给我们仍在阿富汗的英勇部队至关重要的资源。We emphasized our shared approach when it comes to the Iranian situation as members of the P5+1. 我们强调的是当作为P5 + 1的成员谈到伊朗局势的时候我们共同的方法。We agreed that theres still time and space to resolve diplomatically the issue of Irans potential development of nuclear weapons, as well as its interest in developing peaceful nuclear power.我们一致认为,仍有时间和空间从外交上解决伊朗开发核武器潜力的问题,以及这个国家开发和平使用核能的兴趣问题。And finally, as Mr. President mentioned, we discussed Syria, where we agreed that we need to see a cessation of the violence, that a political process has to be created to prevent civil war, and the kind of horrific events that weve seen over the last several weeks, and we pledged to work with other international actors including the ed Nations, Kofi Annan, and all the interested parties in trying to find a resolution to this problem.最后,正如总统先生所提到的,我们讨论了叙利亚问题,我们一致认为,我们需要看到暴力停止,这一政治进程创建要防止我们已经看到在过去的几个星期的内战,恐怖事件等。我们承诺与其他合作,包括联合国,秘书长科菲安南,及试图找到解决这个问题的各方人士。Mr. President, I look forward to visiting Russia again, and I look forward to hosting you in the ed States.总统先生,我期待着再一次出访俄罗斯,我期待着你能来美国。Thank you, everybody.谢谢你们,非常感谢。201206/187787President Bush Meets with President Hu Jintao of the People's Republic of ChinaPRESIDENT HU: (As translated.) I'm very happy to meet you again, President Bush. And I would like to welcome you and your family members to Beijing for the Opening Ceremony of the Olympic Games, and also to watch the games. This is aly your fourth visit to China and this has certainly made you a American President that visited China more than any other U.S. President while in office. This is a good test to the importance you've placed on U.S. relations with China.I know that the day before yesterday, you attended the inauguration of the U.S. embassy in China, and the new Chinese embassy in the ed States was inaugurated at the end of July. And all this must further growth of China-U.S. relationship.Now the various events of the Beijing Olympic Games are underway smoothly, and I know you just came here from swimming center. And I would like to offer you my sincere congratulations on the excellent performance of Mr. Phelps.PRESIDENT BUSH: Thank you. (Laughter.)PRESIDENT HU: We are confident that he will score even better achievements in the coming games.PRESIDENT BUSH: Thank you, sir.PRESIDENT HU: I would also like to mention the unfortunate happening yesterday -- yesterday two American tourists were attacked and one was killed; the another was injured. And I would like to take the opportunity, please accept my profound sympathy to you, Mr. President, and the family members of the victims. The Chinese side takes this unfortunate incident very seriously. Yesterday I aly instructed the competent official in charge of the Chinese Foreign Ministry to go to the hospital to see the injured. We take this case very seriously and we have aly instructed the competent authorities to carry out a very serious investigation and handle the case in accordance with law. We'll keep in touch with the U.S. side on the latest developments.We're now willing to listen to your views, Mr. President.PRESIDENT BUSH: Thank you, sir. First, Mr. President, thank you for your hospitality. I am so honored that you would invite my wife, my daughter, my father, my brother, my sister, and sister-in-law to lunch. And I congratulate you on the Opening Ceremonies. I'm not sure what it looked like on TV, but I can tell you what it looked in person, and it was spectacular.And we are enjoying the games, and, matter of fact, looking forward to tonight's big game, U.S. men's versus China men's basketball. (Laughter.) Somebody asked me if we were going to make a bet on the game. I said, I don't think so.I do want to thank you very much for how you handled -- I do want to thank you very much, Mr. President, for how you handled the situation with the Bachman family. And I thank you for your expressions of sympathy. And the Ambassador informs me that your government has been very attentive and very sympathetic, and I appreciate that a lot.Today -- I mean, every time I come to China I have memorable experiences. I enjoy our conversations that we have. As you know, our relationship is constructive and it's important and it's also very candid, and I thank you for that.And once again, I had a very uplifting experience by going to a church, and I want to thank you for arranging that, as well. It was a spirit-filled, good feeling. And as you know, I feel very strongly about religion, and I am so appreciative of the chance to go to church here in your society.200808/46068

THE PRESIDENT: Just had an extraordinary discussion with a group of our fellow citizens -- some are pastors, some are ex-cons, some are baseball players, some are docs, some are community activists -- all who've come together to talk about a comprehensive strategy to deal with drug use in America. And our strategy is threefold: one, reduce demand, interdict supply, and then help people who have become addicts. And we're making progress. No question there's still work to do in America, but we are making progress. And one way to note the progress is this statistic: Since 2001, teenage use has declined by 25 percent. That means 900,000 fewer teens on drugs. The strategy can be measured. The implementation requires understanding that grassroots activists -- for example, like the faith community -- can play an integral work in working alongside government to achieve our objectives. The Admiral here has -- Admiral Allen, Commandant of the Coast Guard, reported about our interdiction efforts -- that we've been making great progress at interdicting, for example, cocaine being trafficked primarily out of South America and Central America into our country. And finally I am pleased that the Access to Recovery program and programs like that are vibrant and active, which basically says to an addict: If you so choose, you can redeem your health, redeem your money at a place of love in the faith community. Lives are changing. People's lives are being saved. I say government is justice, government is law -- but government must not fear places of love. And so this has been a positive report and a great meeting, and I want to thank you all for coming. More importantly I want to thank you for being citizens, and not spectators -- people who have decided to do something about your personal lives, as well as the lives of those in your communities. It's the collective effort of thousands of social entrepreneurs that help make America a hopeful place. There will be more work done after I'm out of here, but we have laid the foundation for a successful effort against drug use, drug supply, and helping those who have been addicted. Thank you. 200812/58598


  In honor of St. Patrick’s Day, President Obama met with the Taoiseach of Ireland Brian Cowen this morning. The President thanked the Taoiseach for Ireland’s assistance on important international issues and said that the U.S. and Ireland will be working together to address world hunger.Download Video: mp4 (258MB) | mp3 (8MB) 201003/99067。

  As the President prepared for a meeting this morning with some of America's top CEOs on ways to get the economy moving again, the Senate was preparing to pass the tax cut and unemployment insurance compromise, which they did by a wide bipartisan margin. The President explained why he hoped the House would do the same:Read the Transcript | Download Video: mp4 (44MB) | mp3 (4MB) 201012/120960

  Hello, everybody.In the State of the Union, I laid out three areas we need to focus on if wersquo;re going to build an economy that lasts: new American manufacturing, new skills and education for American workers, and new sources of American-made energy.These days, wersquo;re getting another painful reminder why developing new energy is so important to our future. Just like they did last year, gas prices are starting to climb. Only this time, itrsquo;s happening earlier. And that hurts everyone ndash; everyone who owns a car; everyone who owns a business. It means you have to stretch your paycheck even further. Some folks have no choice but to drive a long way to work, and high gas prices are like a tax straight out of their paychecks.Now, some politicians always see this as a political opportunity. And since itrsquo;s an election year, theyrsquo;re aly dusting off their three-point plans for gas. Irsquo;ll save you the suspense: Step one is drill, step two is drill, and step three is keep drilling. We hear the same thing every year.Well the American people arenrsquo;t stupid. You know thatrsquo;s not a plan ndash; especially since wersquo;re aly drilling. Itrsquo;s a bumper sticker. Itrsquo;s not a strategy to solve our energy challenge. Itrsquo;s a strategy to get politicians through an election.You know there are no quick fixes to this problem, and you know we canrsquo;t just drill our way to lower gas prices. If wersquo;re going to take control of our energy future and avoid these gas price spikes down the line, then we need a sustained, all-of-the-above strategy that develops every available source of American energy ndash; oil, gas, wind, solar, nuclear, biofuels, and more. We need to keep developing the technology that allows us to use less oil in our cars and trucks; in our buildings and plants. Thatrsquo;s the strategy wersquo;re pursuing, and thatrsquo;s the only real solution to this challenge.Now, we absolutely need safe, responsible oil production here in America. Thatrsquo;s why under my Administration, America is producing more oil today than at any time in the last eight years. In 2010, our dependence on foreign oil was under 50% for the first time in more than a decade. And while there are no short-term silver bullets when it comes to gas prices, Irsquo;ve directed my administration to look for every single area where we can make an impact and help consumers in the months ahead, from permitting to delivery bottlenecks to whatrsquo;s going on in the oil markets.But over the long term, an all-of-the-above energy strategy means we have to do more. It means we have to make some choices.Herersquo;s one example. Right now, four billion of your tax dollars subsidize the oil industry every year. Four billion dollars.Imagine that. Maybe some of you are listening to this in your car right now, pulling into a gas station to fill up. As you watch those numbers rise, know that oil company profits have never been higher. Yet somehow, Congress is still giving those same companies another four billion dollars of your money. Thatrsquo;s outrageous. Itrsquo;s inexcusable. And it has to stop.A century of subsidies to the oil companies is long enough. Itrsquo;s time to end taxpayer giveaways to an industry thatrsquo;s never been more profitable, and use that money to reduce our deficit and double-down on a clean energy industry thatrsquo;s never been more promising. Because of the investments wersquo;ve aly made, the use of wind and solar energy in this country has nearly doubled ndash; and thousands of Americans have jobs because of it. And because we put in place the toughest fuel economy standards in history, our cars will average nearly 55 miles per gallon by the middle of the next decade ndash; something that, over time, will save the typical family more than ,000 at the pump. Now Congress needs to keep that momentum going by renewing the clean energy tax credits that will lead to more jobs and less dependence on foreign oil.Look, we know therersquo;s no silver bullet that will bring down gas prices or reduce our dependence on foreign oil overnight. But what we can do is get our priorities straight, and make a sustained, serious effort to tackle this problem. Thatrsquo;s the commitment we need right now. And with your help, itrsquo;s a commitment we can make. Thanks.201202/172729演讲文本US President's speech on economic security amp; war on terror (June 18,2005) THE PRESIDENT: Good morning. Today we face two issues of vital importance for all Americans: growing our economy and protecting our citizens from those who wish to do us harm. So in the weeks ahead, I will continue to focus on ways to ensure that our government takes the side of working families, and that America prevails in the war on terror. As we take the steps necessary to achieve these goals, we will make our future one of peace and prosperity. Today we have good reason to be optimistic about our economy. More Americans are working today than at any time in our history. More Americans own their homes than at any time in our history. More Americans are going to college and own their own businesses than at any time in our history -- and a new economic report shows that inflation is in check. Our policies have put us on the track to growth, but leaders in Washington must not become complacent. We need to work together to ensure that opportunity reaches every corner of our great country. Delivering opportunity means allowing families to keep more of the money they earn. So we enacted the largest tax relief in a generation. That is only a beginning. You need a reformed tax code that is simple, fair, and easy to understand, and rewards your hard work and entrepreneurial spirit. And Congress needs to do its part by making the tax relief we passed permanent and burying the death tax forever. Delivering opportunity also means adapting to the needs of a new century. In this new century, American prosperity will increasingly depend on our ability to sell our goods and services overseas, so we need to pass initiatives like the Central American Dominican Republic Free Trade Agreement to create a level playing field for American farmers and small businesses. In this new century, Americans require a reliable and affordable supply of energy. I proposed a comprehensive energy policy to reduce our dependence on foreign oil. In this new century, Americans need to know that if they work hard their whole lives, they will retire with dignity, so we're working to save Social Security to ensure that the next generation of retirees will be as secure in their retirement as today's generation. As we work to deliver opportunity at home, we're also keeping you safe from threats from abroad. We went to war because we were attacked, and we are at war today because there are still people out there who want to harm our country and hurt our citizens. Some may disagree with my decision to remove Saddam Hussein from power, but all of us can agree that the world's terrorists have now made Iraq a central front in the war on terror. These foreign terrorists violently oppose the rise of a free and democratic Iraq, because they know that when we replace despair and hatred with liberty and hope, they lose their recruiting grounds for terror. Our troops are fighting these terrorists in Iraq so you will not have to face them here at home. We mourn every one of these brave men and women who have given his or her life for our liberty. The terrorists know they cannot defeat our troops, so they seek to weaken our nation's resolve. They know there is no room for them in a free and democratic Middle East, so the terrorists and insurgents are trying to get us to retreat. Their goal is to get us to leave before Iraqis have had a chance to show the region what a government that is elected and truly accountable to its citizens can do for its people. Time and again, the Iraqi people have defied the skeptics who claim they are not up to the job of building a free society. Nearly a year ago, Iraqis showed they were y to resume sovereignty. A few months ago, Iraqis showed they could hold free elections. This week, Iraqis have worked on an agreement to expand their constitutional drafting committee to ensure that all communities are represented in the process. I am confident that Iraqis will continue to defy the skeptics as they build a new Iraq that represents the diversity of their nation and assumes greater responsibility for their own security. And when they do, our troops can come home with the honor they have earned. This mission isn't easy, and it will not be accomplished overnight. We're fighting a ruthless enemy that relishes the killing of innocent men, women, and children. By making their stand in Iraq, the terrorists have made Iraq a vital test for the future security of our country and the free world. We will settle for nothing less than victory. I'll continue to act to keep our people safe from harm and our future bright. Together we will do what Americans have always done: build a better and more peaceful world for our children and grandchildren. Thank you for listening. 200603/5050The President Announces a Forum on Jobs and Economic GrowthAs the President was preparing to leave for his trip to Asia this morning, he took a moment to discuss the economy, which will of course have a central role in his discussions with leaders throughout the trip. He made clear that while we have come back from the brink of what many predicted would be a depression, he will not be satisfied until robust job growth returns. Towards that end, he announced that in December he will bring minds and stakeholders together for an intensive jobs forum:mp4视频下载THE PRESIDENT: Good morning, everybody. Before departing for Asia this morning, I’d like to make a brief statement about the economy.Over the past 10 months, we’ve taken a number of bold steps to break the back of this recession. We’ve worked to stabilize the financial system, revive lending to small businesses and families, and prevent responsible homeowners from losing their homes. And through the Recovery Act, we’ve cut taxes for middle class families, extended and increased unemployment insurance, and created and saved more than a million jobs.As a result, the economy is now growing again for the first time in more than a year -- and faster than at any time in the past two years. But even though we’ve slowed the loss of jobs -- and today’s report on the continued decline in unemployment claims is a hopeful sign -- the economic growth that we’ve seen has not yet led to the job growth that we desperately need. As I’ve said from the start of this crisis, hiring often takes time to catch up to economic growth. And given the magnitude of the economic turmoil that we’ve experienced, employers are reluctant to hire.Small businesses and large firms are demanding more of their employees, their increasing their hours, and adding temporary workers -- but these companies have not yet been willing to take the steps necessary to hire again. Meanwhile, millions of Americans -- our friends, our neighbors, our family members -- are desperately searching for jobs. This is one of the great challenges that remains in our economy -- a challenge that my administration is absolutely determined to meet.We all know that there are limits to what government can and should do, even during such difficult times. But we have an obligation to consider every additional, responsible step that we can [take] to encourage and accelerate job creation in this country. And that’s why, in December, we’ll be holding a forum at the White House on jobs and economic growth. We’ll gather CEOs and small business owners, economists and financial experts, as well as representatives from labor unions and nonprofit groups, to talk about how we can work together to create jobs and get this economy moving again.It's important that we don't make any ill-considered decisions -- even with the best intentions -- particularly at a time when our resources are so limited. But it's just as important that we are open to any demonstrably good idea to supplement the steps we’ve aly taken to put America back to work. That’s what this forum is about.In the coming days, I’ll also be meeting with leaders abroad to discuss a strategy for growth that is both balanced and broadly shared. It's a strategy in which Asian and Pacific markets are open to our exports -- and one in which prosperity around the world is no longer as dependent on American consumption and borrowing, but rather more on American innovation and products.It's through these steps with our partners, in addition to the work we're doing here at home, that we will not only revive our economy in the short term, but rebuild it stronger in the long term. That's been the focus of our efforts these past 10 months -- it will continue to be our focus in the months ahead.Thanks very much, everybody.END 9:46 A.M. EST11/89207

  That there are persons in one section or another who seek to destroy the Union at all events and are glad of any pretext to do it I will neither affirm nor deny;至于说某些地方总有些人不顾一切一心想破坏联邦,并不惜以任何借口图谋不轨,我不打算肯定或否定;but if there be such, I need address no word to them.如果确有这样一些人,我不必要再对他们讲什么。To those, however, who really love the Union may I not speak?但对那些真正热爱联邦的人,我不可以讲几句吗?Before entering upon so grave a matter as the destruction of our national fabric, with all its benefits,在我们着手研究如此严重的一件事情之前,那就是要把我们的国家组织连同它的一切利益,its memories, and its hopes, would it not be wise to ascertain precisely why we do it?一切记忆和一切希望全给消灭掉,难道明智的做法不是先仔细研究一下那样做究竟是为了什么?Will you hazard so desperate a step while there is any possibility that any portion of the ills you fly from have no real existence?当事实上极有可能你企图逃避的祸害并不存在的时候,你还会不顾一切采取那种贻害无穷的步骤吗?或者你要逃避的灾祸虽确实存在,Will you, while the certain ills you fly to are greater than all the real ones you fly from, will you risk the commission of so fearful a mistake?而在你逃往的地方却有更大的灾祸在等着你;那你会往那里逃吗?你会冒险犯下如此可怕的一个错误吗?All profess to be content in the Union if all constitutional rights can be maintained.大家都说,如果宪法中所规定的一切权利都确实得到执行,那他也就会留在联邦里。Is it true, then, that any right plainly written in the Constitution has been denied?那么,真有什么如宪法申明文规定的权利被否定了吗?我想没有。I think not. Happily, the human mind is so constituted that no party can reach to the audacity of doing this.很幸运,人的头脑是这样构造出来的,没有一个党敢于如此冒天下之大不韪。Think, if you can, of a single instance in which a plainly written provision of the Constitution has ever been denied.如果可能,请你们讲出哪怕是一个例子来,说明有什么宪法中明文规定的条款是没有得到执行的。If by the mere force of numbers a majority should deprive a minority of any clearly written constitutional right,如果多数派完全靠人数上的优势,剥夺掉少数派宪法上明文规定的权利,it might in a moral point of view justify revolution; certainly would if such right were a vital one.这件事从道义的角度来看,也许可以说革命是正当的,如果被剥夺的是极为重要的权利,那革命就肯定无疑是合理行动。But such is not our case. All the vital rights of minorities and of individuals are so plainly assured to them by affirmations and negations,但我们的情况却并非如此。数派和个人的一切重要权利,在宪法中,通过肯定和否定、guaranties and prohibitions,in the Constitution that controversies never arise concerning them.保和禁令;都一一向他们作了明确保,以致关于这类问题,从来也没有引起过争论。But no organic law can ever be framed with a provision specifically applicable to every question which may occur in practical administration.但是,在制订基本法时却不可能对实际工作中出现的任何问题,都一一写下可以立即加以应用的条文。No foresight can anticipate nor any document of reasonable length contain express provisions for all possible questions.再高明的预见也不可能料定未来的一切,任何长度适当的文件也不可能包容下针对一切可能发生的问题的条文。Shall fugitives from labor be surrendered by national or by State authority?逃避劳役的人到底应该由联邦政府交还还是由州政府交还呢?The Constitution does not expressly say.宪法上没有具体规定。May Congress prohibit slavery in the Territories? The Constitution does not expressly say.国会可以在准州禁止奴隶制吗?宪法没有具体规定。Must Congress protect slavery in the Territories? The Constitution does not expressly say.国会必须保护准州的奴隶制吗?宪法也没有具体规定。From questions of this class spring all our constitutional controversies, and we divide upon them into majorities and minorities.从这类问题中引出了我们对宪法问题的争端,并因这类问题使我们分成了多数派和少数派。If the minority will not acquiesce, the majority must, or the Government must cease.如果少数派不肯默认,多数派便必须默认,否则政府便只好停止工作了。There is no other alternative, for continuing the Government is acquiescence on one side or the other.再没有任何别的路可走;要让政府继续行使职权,便必须要这一方或那一方默认。If a minority in such case will secede rather than acquiesce, they make a precedent which in turn will divide and ruin them,在这种情况下,如果一个少数派宁可脱离也决不默认,那他们也就开创将来必会使他们分裂和毁灭的先例;for a minority of their own will secede from them whenever a majority refuses to be controlled by such minority.因为,当多数派拒绝接受这样一个少数派的控制的时候,他们中的少数派便必会从他们之中再脱离出去。02/436668

  [Nextpage视频演讲]President Obama signs into law measures that hold government accountable for responsible use of taxpayer dollars and cut down on waste, fraud and abuseDownload mp4 (110MB) | mp3 (10MB) [Nextpage文本]THE PRESIDENT: Good morning, everybody. Thank you, thank you. Everybody please have a seat. Welcome to the White House. I am pleased that you could all join us today as I sign this bill -- the Improper Payments Elimination and Recovery Act –- which, translated into English, means cutting down on waste, fraud and abuse, and ensuring that our government serves as a responsible steward for the tax dollars of the American people. This is a responsibility we’ve been working to fulfill from the very beginning of this administration. Back when I first started campaigning for office, I said I wanted to change the way Washington works so that it works for the American people. I meant making government more open and more transparent and more responsive to the needs of the people. I meant getting rid of the waste and inefficiencies that squander the people’s hard-earned money. And I meant finally revamping the systems that undermine our efficiency and threaten our security and fail to serve the interests of the American people. Now, there are outstanding public servants doing essential work throughout our government. But too often, their best efforts are thwarted by outdated technologies and outmoded ways of doing business. That needs to change. We have to challenge a status quo that accepts billions of dollars in waste as the cost of doing business and enables obsolete or under-performing programs to survive year after year, simply because that’s the way things have always been done. This isn’t just about lines on a spsheet or numbers in a budget, because when we fail to spend people’s tax dollars wisely, that’s money that we’re not investing in better schools for our kids, or tax relief for families, or innovation to create new industries and new jobs. When government doesn’t work like it should, it has a real effect on people’s lives -– on small business owners who need loans, on young people who want to go to college, on the men and women who’ve served this country and are trying to get the benefits that they’ve earned. And when we continue to spend as if deficits don’t matter, that means our kids and our grandkids may wind up saddled with debts that they’ll never be able to repay. And the reality is that right now, in these difficult economic times, families across this country are cutting every frill and stretching every dollar as far as they can -– and they should expect no less from their government. If folks can book a flight or buy a pair of shoes online with the click of a button, there’s no reason they should have to fill out duplicative forms or endure endless red tape and delays when they deal with their government. So that’s why one of the first things we did when we arrived in Washington was to undertake an Accountable Government Initiative –- an effort that spans every agency, department and office in our government. We named our first ever Chief Performance Officer, Jeffrey Zients, and we’re bringing to bear every tool at our disposal –- a combination of 21st century technology and old-fashioned common sense –- to ensure that our government operates as efficiently as possible and provides the highest quality of service to its customers, the American people. We began by combining -- by going through the budget line by line and proposing billion worth of cuts each year by targeting programs that are wasteful, duplicative or, in some cases, just plain ridiculous, like the million we’re spending for a radio navigation system for ships. Since we now have this thing called GPS, we don’t need it. Or the million that was spent on consultants to create seals and logos for the Department of Homeland Security. Their logos and seals are fine. (Laughter.) Or the billions of dollars slated to be spent on a fancy new presidential helicopter fleet that I didn’t want and didn’t need because Marine One is also fine. We’ve drafted a budget for next year that freezes all discretionary government spending outside of national security for three years, a budget, by the way, that would reduce this spending -- non-defense discretionary spending -- to its lowest level as a share of the economy in 50 years. This isn’t talked about a lot so I’m going to repeat it. Our budget would take non-security defense -- or non-defense spending to its lowest level since JFK -- lowest level as a percentage of the economy since JFK. We’ve gone after wasteful government contracting with a vengeance, working to put an end to unnecessary no-bid contracts and dramatically reinforcing the way government contracts are awarded. And we’re now on track to reach our goal of saving billion by the end of the next fiscal year. We’re working to sell or lease out thousands of federal buildings which we no longer need and aren’t using, saving another billion. We froze salaries for senior White House staff -- hence the glum faces. (Laughter.) And we’ve asked Congress for additional authority so that working together, we can move quickly to cut wasteful spending proposals before the money goes out the door. We’ve streamlined those college loan forms, eliminating nearly two dozen unnecessary questions. We’re creating a single electronic medical record for our men and women in uniform that will follow them from the day they enlist until the day that they are laid to rest. We’re revamping our Social Security and citizenship processes so that folks can book appointments and check the status of their applications online. We’ve created mobile apps that provide everything from disaster assistance to product safety information to the latest wait times for security lines at your local airport. And we’ve begun an unprecedented effort to put an end to a problem known as improper payments, which is the purpose of the bill that I’m signing into law today. Now, these are payments sent by the government to the wrong person, or for the wrong reasons, or in the wrong amount. Payments to a defense contractor that’s been disbarred for shoddy work but somehow managed to get through the system. Payments to companies that haven’t paid their taxes, or to folks who are incarcerated –- or who are dead. Sometimes these payments are the result of innocent mistakes or reflect valid claims that were paid at the wrong time. But sometimes, they result from abuses by scam artists and crooked companies. And all told, they added up to 0 billion. I want everybody to understand -- just get some perspective on that. That is more than the budgets of the Department of Education and the Small Business Administration combined. And that’s unacceptable. That’s why, earlier this year, I directed our federal agencies to launch rigorous audits conducted by auditors who are paid based on how many abuses or errors they uncover -– the more they find, the more money they make. So they are highly incentivized. We’re also creating a “Do Not Pay” list –- a consolidated database of every individual and company that’s ineligible for federal payments. Before checks are mailed, agencies will be required to check this list to make sure that the payment is to the right person, in the right amount, for the right reason. With these new tools, the challenge I’m making to my team today is to reduce improper payments by billion between now and 2012. This goal is fully achievable due in no small part to some of the great work of the members of Congress standing with me today, particularly Senator Tom Carper and Representative Patrick Murphy, who sponsored the bill I’m about to sign and worked with all the other members of Congress who are here today to get it passed. And I think, by the way, it’s worth noting that this bill passed unanimously in both the House and the Senate -– a powerful reminder of what we can accomplish when we put partisanship aside and do what’s best for the people we serve. So this bill will dramatically expand and intensify our efforts to end improper payments. And going forward, every agency in our government will be required to conduct annual assessments to determine which of their programs are at risk of making improper payments. Agencies will be required to audit more of their programs and recapture more taxpayer dollars. And we now have rigorous enforcement mechanisms to hold agencies accountable for how much money they save. So, in large part, thanks to the great work of the people in this room, I think we’re headed in the right direction. And today, I’m pleased to announce that I will be charging Jack Lew, my choice for director of Office of Management and Budget -- once Peter Orszag, the current OMB director, departs -- with building on the good work that Peter began. I’m entrusting Jack with carrying forward our Accountable Government Initiative in the months ahead. I will be asking him and Jeff to give me regular updates on our progress in cutting waste and making our government more efficient and effective. And as the only OMB director in history to preside over a budget surplus for three consecutive years, Jack Lew knows a thing or two about making government work. I’m confident he’s up to the challenge of building the kind of government that the American people expect and deserve -– one that spends their money wisely, serves their interests well, and is fully worthy of their trust and respect. So I want to again thank these outstanding members of Congress who are here today who have been on the case in both chambers for quite some time. I want to thank all the people who worked on this bill in this room for your outstanding efforts. Thank you. God bless you. God bless America. And let me sign this bill. (Applause.) (The bill is signed.) (Applause.) END 11:39 A.M. EDT[Nextpage相关报道] 【相关中文报道】美国总统奥巴马22日签署《不当付消除与回收法案》,法案旨在消除不当联邦出,减少浪费、欺诈和滥用现象。综合媒体7月22日报道,美国总统奥巴马(Barack Obama)22日签署《不当付消除与回收法案》(Improper Payments Elimination and Recovery Act),该法案要求联邦机构定期评估容易产生不当付的政府计划,消除浪费现象,这是奥巴马兑现其紧缩财政承诺的又一次行动。年,美国政府误发了1,100亿美元救济金,其中一部分流向了刑人员和死者。奥巴马称,其不能容忍这样的浪费,并设定目标致力于在未来几年减少500亿美元不当联邦付。奥巴马称,这项法案意味着减少浪费、欺诈和滥用,并确保政府扮演好美国人民的税款管家角色。面对批评者对联邦出失控和赤字不断膨胀的指责,奥巴马在其讲话中列举了若干政府削减开的措施,包括冻结白宫高级官员工资和非国防机构预算。奥巴马此前曾承诺将非安全性可配出冻结三年。他表示,该承诺将使非国防可配出的比重降至肯尼迪总统(John F. Kennedy)执政时期以来的最低水平。奥巴马称,“如果我们继续大手花钱,仿佛赤字不是问题,那么我们的子孙后代最终可能要被迫承担他们永远无法还清的债务。”他还谈到,“现实是,在当前的经济困难时期,每个家庭都在节省开,尽可能使每一块钱发挥最大价值,他们期望政府的努力不会比他们少。” (本段文字来源:财讯网)201007/109646

  REMARKS BY PRESIDENT OBAMAIN MEETING WITH OPPOSITION LEADERS PRESIDENT OBAMA: (In progress) -- not simply tolerate dissenting voices but also to respect and recognize dissenting voices. This is one of the elements, along with an independent media and adherence to the rule of law that has helped to solidify our own government during some very difficult times. I said in my remarks recently that the fact that I sit before you as President of the ed States is a testimony to the power of dissent in the ed States over time in creating a different reality. And it's also an important tool for fighting corruption.So I think it's very important that I come before you with some humility. I think in the past there's been a tendency for the ed States to lecture rather than to listen. And we obviously still have much work to do with our own democracy in the ed States, but nevertheless, I think we share some common values and interest in building a strong, democratic culture in Russia as well as the ed States.And I want to say that this is, by the way, something I do in every country I visit. So whether I visit -- travel to Turkey or I travel to England, wherever I go, I think it's always important for me to recognize that the particular head of state that I'm meeting with is the head of the government but that the society itself represents a larger spectrum of views.So I, again, am grateful to all of you for taking the time. And rather than spend all the time talking, what I'd like to do is listen to you and find our your perspectives, your views, and we can go in any direction that you prefer. We can talk about policy and specific concerns or questions you may have for me. Or we can talk more generally about how democracy is progressing -- (end of tape.) 07/76939。


  Newton N. MinowTelevision and the Public Interest delivered 9 May 1961, National Association of Broadcasters, Washington, DC[AUTHENTICITY CERTIFIED: Text version below transcribed directly from audio] Governor Collins, distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen. Governor Collins you're much too kind, as all of you have been to me the last few days. It's been a great pleasure and an honor for me to meet so many of you. And I want to thank you for this opportunity to meet with you today.As you know, this is my first public address since I took over my new job. When the New Frontiersmen rode into town, I locked myself in my office to do my homework and get my feet wet. But apparently I haven't managed yet to stay out of hot water. I seem to have detected a very nervous apprehension about what I might say or do when I emerged from that locked office for this, my maiden station break.So first let me begin by dispelling a rumor. I was not picked for this job because I regard myself as the fastest draw on the New Frontier. Second, let me start a rumor. Like you, I have carefully President Kennedy's messages about the regulatory agencies, conflict of interest, and the dangers of ex parte contacts. And, of course, we at the Federal Communications Commission will do our part. Indeed, I may even suggest that we change the name of the FCC to The Seven Untouchables.It may also come as a surprise to some of you, but I want you to know that you have my admiration and my respect. Yours is a most honorable profession. Anyone who is in the broadcasting business has a tough row to hoe. You earn your b by using public property. When you work in broadcasting you volunteer for public service, public pressure, and public regulation. You must compete with other attractions and other investments, and the only way you can do it is to prove to us every three years that you should have been in business in the first place.I can think of easier ways to make a living.But I cannot think of more satisfying ways.I admire your courage -- but that doesn't mean that I would make life any easier for you. Your license lets you use the public's airwaves as trustees for 180 million Americans. The public is your beneficiary. If you want to stay on as trustees, you must deliver a decent return to the public -- not only to your stockholders. So, as a representative of the public, your health and your product are among my chief concerns.Now as to your health, let's talk only of television today. 1960 gross broadcast revenues of the television industry were over 1,268,000,000 dollars. Profit before taxes was 243,900,000 dollars, an average return on revenue of 19.2 per cent. Compare these with 1959, when gross broadcast revenues were 1,163,900,000 dollars, and profit before taxes was 222,300,000, an average return on revenue of 19.1 per cent. So the percentage increase of total revenues from '59 to '60 was 9 per cent, and the percentage increase of profit was 9.7 per cent. This, despite a recession throughout the country. For your investors, the price has indeed been right.So I have confidence in your health, but not in your product. It is with this and much more in mind that I come before you today.One editorialist in the trade press wrote that "the FCC of the New Frontier is going to be one of the toughest FCC's in the history of broadcast regulation." If he meant that we intend to enforce the law in the public interest, let me make it perfectly clear that he is right: We do. If he meant that we intend to muzzle or censor broadcasting, he is dead wrong. It wouldn't surprise me if some of you had expected me to come here today and say to you in effect, "Clean up your own house or the government will do it for you." Well, in a limited sense, you would be right because I've just said it.But I want to say to you as earnestly as I can that it is not in that spirit that I come before you today, nor is it in that spirit that I intend to serve the FCC. I am in Washington to help broadcasting, not to harm it; to strengthen it, not weaken it; to reward it, not to punish it; to encourage it, not threaten it; and to stimulate it, not censor it. Above all, I am here to uphold and protect the public interest.Now what do we mean by "the public interest?" Some say the public interest is merely what interests the public. I disagree. And so does your distinguished president, Governor Collins. In a recent speech -- and of course as I also told you yesterday -- In a recent speech he said,Broadcasting to serve the public interest, must have a soul and a conscience, a burning desire to excel, as well as to sell; the urge to build the character, citizenship, and intellectual stature of people, as well as to expand the gross national product. ...By no means do I imply that broadcasters disregard the public interest. ...But a much better job can be done, and should be done.I could not agree more with Governor Collins. And I would add that in today's world, with chaos in Laos and the Congo aflame, with Communist tyranny on our Caribbean doorstep, relentless pressures on our Atlantic alliance, with social and economic problems at home of the gravest nature, yes, and with the technological knowledge that makes it possible, as our President has said, not only to destroy our world but to destroy poverty around the world -- in a time of peril and opportunity, the old complacent, unbalanced fare of action-adventure and situation comedies is simply not good enough.Your industry possesses the most powerful voice in America. It has an inescapable duty to make that voice ring with intelligence and with leadership. In a few years, this exciting industry has grown from a novelty to an instrument of overwhelming impact on the American people. It should be making y for the kind of leadership that newspapers and magazines assumed years ago, to make our people aware of their world.Ours has been called the jet age, the atomic age, the space age. It is also, I submit, the television age. And just as history will decide whether the leaders of today's world employed the atom to destroy the world or rebuild it for mankind's benefit, so will history decide whether today's broadcasters employed their powerful voice to enrich the people or to debase them.If I seem today to address myself chiefly to the problems of television, I don't want any of you radio broadcasters to think that we've gone to sleep at your switch. We haven't. We still listen. But in recent years most of the controversies and cross-currents in broadcast programming have swirled around television. And so my subject today is the television industry and the public interest.Like everybody, I wear more than one hat. I am the chairman of the FCC. But I am also a television viewer and the husband and father of other television viewers. I have seen a great many television programs that seemed to me eminently worthwhile and I am not talking about the much bemoaned good old days of "Playhouse 90" and "Studio One."I'm talking about this past season. Some were wonderfully entertaining, such as "The Fabulous Fifties," "The Fred Astaire Show," and "The Bing Crosby Special"; some were dramatic and moving, such as Conrad's "Victory" and "Twilight Zone"; some were marvelously informative, such as "The Nation's Future," "CBS Reports," "The Valiant Years." I could list many more -- programs that I am sure everyone here felt enriched his own life and that of his family. When television is good, nothing -- not the theater, not the magazines or newspapers -- nothing is better.But when television is bad, nothing is worse. I invite each of you to sit down in front of your television set when your station goes on the air and stay there, for a day, without a book, without a magazine, without a newspaper, without a profit and loss sheet or a rating book to distract you. Keep your eyes glued to that set until the station signs off. I can assure you that what you will observe is a vast wasteland.You will see a procession of game shows, formula comedies about totally unbelievable families, blood and thunder, mayhem, violence, sadism, murder, western bad men, western good men, private eyes, gangsters, more violence, and cartoons. And endlessly commercials -- many screaming, cajoling, and offending. And most of all, boredom. True, you'll see a few things you will enjoy. But they will be very, very few. And if you think I exaggerate, I only ask you to try it.Is there one person in this room who claims that broadcasting can't do better? Well a glance at next season's proposed programming can give us little heart. Of 73 and 1/2 hours of prime evening time, the networks have tentatively scheduled 59 hours of categories of action-adventure, situation comedy, variety, quiz, and movies. Is there one network president in this room who claims he can't do better? Well, is there at least one network president who believes that the other networks can do better? Gentlemen, your trust accounting with your beneficiaries is long overdue. Never have so few owed so much to so many.Why is so much of television so bad? I've heard many answers: demands of your advertisers; competition for ever higher ratings; the need always to attract a mass audience; the high cost of television programs; the insatiable appetite for programming material. These are some of the reasons. Unquestionably, these are tough problems not susceptible to easy answers. But I am not convinced that you have tried hard enough to solve them.I do not accept the idea that the present over-all programming is aimed accurately at the public taste. The ratings tell us only that some people have their television sets turned on and of that number, so many are tuned to one channel and so many to another. They don't tell us what the public might watch if they were offered half-a-dozen additional choices. A rating, at best, is an indication of how many people saw what you gave them. Unfortunately, it does not reveal the depth of the penetration, or the intensity of reaction, and it never reveals what the acceptance would have been if what you gave them had been better -- if all the forces of art and creativity and daring and imagination had been unleashed. I believe in the people's good sense and good taste, and I am not convinced that the people's taste is as low as some of you assume.My concern with the rating services is not with their accuracy. Perhaps they are accurate. I really don't know. What, then, is wrong with the ratings? It's not been their accuracy -- it's been their use.Certainly, I hope you will agree that ratings should have little influence where children are concerned. The best estimates indicate that during the hours of 5 to 6 P.M. sixty per cent of your audience is composed of children under twelve. And most young children today, believe it or not, spend as much time watching television as they do in the schoolroom. I repeat -- let that sink in, ladies and gentlemen -- most young children today spend as much time watching television as they do in the schoolroom. It used to be said that there were three great influences on a child: home, school, and church. Today, there is a fourth great influence, and you ladies and gentlemen in this room control it.If parents, teachers, and ministers conducted their responsibilities by following the ratings, children would have a steady diet of ice cream, school holidays, and no Sunday school. What about your responsibilities? Is there no room on television to teach, to inform, to uplift, to stretch, to enlarge the capacities of our children? Is there no room for programs deepening their understanding of children in other lands? Is there no room for a children's news show explaining something to them about the world at their level of understanding? Is there no room for ing the great literature of the past, for teaching them the great traditions of freedom? There are some fine children's shows, but they are drowned out in the massive doses of cartoons, violence, and more violence. Must these be your trademarks? Search your consciences and see if you cannot offer more to your young beneficiaries whose future you guide so many hours each and every day.Now what about adult programming and ratings? You know, newspaper publishers take popularity ratings too. And the answers are pretty clear: It is almost always the comics, followed by advice to the lovelorn columns. But, ladies and gentlemen, the news is still on the front page of all newspapers; the editorials are not replaced by more comics; and the newspapers have not become one long collection of advice to the lovelorn. Yet newspapers do not even need a license from the government to be in business; they do not use public property. But in television, where your responsibilities as public trustees are so plain, the moment that the ratings indicate that westerns are popular there are new imitations of westerns on the air faster than the old coaxial cable could take us from Hollywood to New York. Broadcasting cannot continue to live by the numbers. Ratings ought to be the slave of the broadcaster, not his master. And you and I both know -- You and I both know that the rating services themselves would agree.Let me make clear that what I am talking about is balance. I believe that the public interest is made up of many interests. There are many people in this great country and you must serve all of us. You will get no argument from me if you say that, given a choice between a western and a symphony, more people will watch the western. I like westerns too, but a steady diet for the whole country is obviously not in the public interest. We all know that people would more often prefer to be entertained than stimulated or informed. But your obligations are not satisfied if you look only to popularity as a test of what to broadcast. You are not only in show business; you are free to communicate ideas as well as relaxation.And as Governor Collins said to you yesterday when he encouraged you to editorialize -- as you know the FCC has now encouraged editorializing for years. We want you to do this; we want you to editorialize, take positions. We only ask that you do it in a fair and a responsible manner. Those stations that have editorialized have demonstrated to you that the FCC will always encourage a fair and responsible clash of opinion. You must provide a wider range of choices, more diversity, more alternatives. It is not enough to cater to the nation's whims; you must also serve the nation's needs. And I would add this: that if some of you persist in a relentless search for the highest rating and the lowest common denominator, you may very well lose your audience. Because, to paraphrase a great American who was recently my law partner, the people are wise, wiser than some of the broadcasters -- and politicians -- think.As you may have gathered, I would like to see television improved. But how is this to be brought about? By voluntary action by the broadcasters themselves? By direct government intervention? Or how?Let me address myself now to my role not as a viewer but as chairman of the FCC. I could not if I would, chart for you this afternoon in detail all of the actions I contemplate. Instead, I want to make clear some of the fundamental principles which guide me.200806/41379

  21世纪·希望之星全国英语演讲比赛 第八名 美国经典英文演讲100篇总统演讲布莱尔首相演讲美国总统布什演讲快报 200808/46231

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