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宜昌市看男科哪里好度排名在线咨询宜昌男健男科医院泌尿系统在线咨询

2018年12月13日 15:00:30
来源:四川新闻网
飞度排名健康门户

Im an underwater explorer, more specifically a cave diver.我是一名水下勘探者。更确切的说是一名水下洞穴潜水员。I wanted to be an astronaut when I was a little kid,我小时候的梦想是成为一个宇航员,but growing up in Canada as a young girl, that wasnt really available to me.但是作为一个生长在加拿大的小女孩,这个梦想是不大可能实现的。But as it turns out, we know a lot more about space than we do about the underground waterways但目前的情况是,我们对于宇宙的了解远远超过了我们对于地球上地下水的了解,coursing through our planet, the very lifeblood of Mother Earth.而这些水域和我们的星球相依相伴,是地球母亲的命脉。So I decided to do something that was even more remarkable.所以我决定做一些更有意义的事情。Instead of exploring outer space, I wanted to explore the wonders of inner space.相比探索太空,我更想要探索我们星球内部的奇迹。Now, a lot of people will tell you that cave diving is perhaps one of the most dangerous endeavors.现在,许多人会告诉你水下洞穴潜水可能是最危险的尝试之一。I mean, imagine yourself here in this room, if you were suddenly plunged into blackness,想象一下你独自一人在这个空间,如果一下子让你陷入黑暗,with your only job to find the exit, sometimes swimming through these large spaces,你唯一要做的事情就是寻找出口,有时要在这些巨大的空间里穿梭,and at other times crawling beneath the seats, following a thin guideline,而有时却要在座位底下匍匐,跟随着一条细细的指引线,just waiting for the life support to provide your very next breath. Well, thats my workplace.等待着氧气瓶给你提供下一次呼吸。这就是我的工作环境。But what I want to teach you today is that our world is not one big solid rock.但是今天我想告诉你们的是,我们的世界不是一块巨大的实心岩。Its a whole lot more like a sponge. I can swim through a lot of the pores in our earths sponge,它更像是一块海绵。我可以在地球海绵的许多细孔中穿梭,but where I cant, other life-forms and other materials can make that journey without me.但是在我触及不到的地方,其他生物形态和物质可以在没有我的情况下完成这次旅行。And my voice is the one thats going to teach you about the inside of Mother Earth.我的声音将会告诉你们关于我们地球母亲内部世界的情况。There was no guidebook available to me when I decided to be the first person to cave dive inside Antarctic icebergs.当我决定成为第一个南极冰川的洞穴潜水员的时候,并没有什么参考资料可用。In 2000, this was the largest moving object on the planet.在2000年,这是这个星球上最大的移动物体。It calved off the Ross Ice Shelf, and we went down there to explore ice edge ecology它是由罗斯冰架崩裂而成,我们为了探索冰缘生态而下潜,and search for life-forms beneath the ice.并且在冰川底下寻找生命体。We use a technology called rebreathers.我们使用了一种叫做呼吸换气器的技术。Its an awful lot like the same technology that is used for space walks.这种科技与太空行走使用的供氧技术十分相似。This technology enables us to go deeper than we couldve imagined even 10 years ago.这种技术使我们可以走的更远更深,在十年前还是不可想象的。We use exotic gases, and we can make missions even up to 20 hours long underwater.我们运用特殊气体,可以使我们在水下作业时间高达20小时。I work with biologists.我和生物学家们一起工作。It turns out that caves are repositories of amazing life-forms, species that we never knew existed before.我们发现洞穴里储藏着神奇的生命体,我们从来不知道它们的存在。Many of these life-forms live in unusual ways.许多生物用奇特的方式生存着。They have no pigment and no eyes in many cases, and these animals are also extremely long-lived.它们中的许多没有颜色,也没有眼睛,而且这些动物的寿命极长。In fact, animals swimming in these caves today are identical in the fossil record that predates the extinction of the dinosaurs.实际上,现在在这些洞穴里游来游去的动物都能在化石标本中找到,它们甚至出现在恐龙灭绝之前。So imagine that: these are like little swimming dinosaurs.所以请你们想象一下:它们就像是会游泳的恐龙。What can they teach us about evolution and survival?它们可以教会我们关于进化和生存论的什么呢?When we look at an animal like this remipede swimming in the jar, he has giant fangs with venom.当我们看见这种在罐子里游动的桨足虫,他有着巨大的毒牙。He can actually attack something 40 times his size and kill it.他可以攻击比他大40倍的动物并致其死亡。If he were the size of a cat, hed be the most dangerous thing on our planet.如果他和一只猫一样大,就会是这个星球上最危险的东西了。And these animals live in remarkably beautiful places, and in some cases, caves like this, that are very young,再看看居住在这些鬼斧神工的地方的生物,类似这样的洞穴都是新形成的,yet the animals are ancient. How did they get there?但是在里面的动物都是十分古老的。它们是怎么到达那里的?I also work with physicists, and theyre interested oftentimes in global climate change.我也和一些物理学家一起工作,他们通常对于全球气候变化十分感兴趣。They can take rocks within the caves, and they can slice them and look at the layers within with rocks,他们可以采集洞穴里的石头,把石头切割开,逐层研究,much like the rings of a tree, and they can count back in history and learn about the climate on our planet at very different times.就像在读树的年轮,他们能够知道石头的历史和地球气候变化的不同时期。The red that you see in this photograph is actually dust from the Sahara Desert.在这张照片里红色的部分其实是撒哈拉大沙漠的沙。So its been picked up by wind, blown across the Atlantic Ocean.它随风飘荡,横跨大西洋。Its rained down in this case on the island of Abaco in the Bahamas.伴随着蒙蒙细雨落在了巴哈马的阿巴科岛。It soaks in through the ground and deposits itself in the rocks within these caves.它渗透进土地,把自己封存在这些洞穴的岩石中。And when we look back in the layers of these rocks,当我们回头观察这些石层,we can find times when the climate was very, very dry on earth, and we can go back many hundreds of thousands of years.我们会发现地球气候极其干燥的时期,可以追溯到几十万年前。Paleoclimatologists are also interested in where the sea level stands were at other times on earth.远古气象学家对地球不同时期的海平面十分感兴趣。Here in Bermuda, my team and I embarked on the deepest manned dives ever conducted in the region,在百慕大,我和我的团队着手于那些达到潜水艇下潜极限的区域,and we were looking for places where the sea level used to lap up against the shoreline, many hundreds of feet below current levels.我们在寻找那些以前比现在低几百英尺的与海岸线齐平的海平面。I also get to work with paleontologists and archaeologists.我也与古生物学家和考古学家一起工作。In places like Mexico, in the Bahamas, and even in Cuba,在像墨西哥,巴哈马,以及古巴这样的地方,were looking at cultural remains and also human remains in caves,我们在寻找洞穴中遗留的文化和人类生存的痕迹,and they tell us a lot about some of the earliest inhabitants of these regions.它们告诉了我们很多关于居住在这些区域的最早期居民的情况。But my very favorite project of all was over 15 years ago,但是我最喜欢的一个项目是在十五年前,when I was a part of the team that made the very first accurate, three-dimensional map of a subterranean surface.我作为团队的一个成员绘制了第一张准确的3D下表层地图。This device that Im driving through the cave was actually creating a three-dimensional model as we drove it.我用于水下洞穴勘探的这个设备能够在我们勘探的过程中建立3D模型。We also used ultra low frequency radio to broadcast back to the surface our exact position within the cave.我们也用超低频声波向地面发出信号,通过反馈得到我们地下的具体位置。So I swam under houses and businesses and bowling alleys and golf courses, and even under a Sonnys BBQ Restaurant,我在民居,公司,保龄球道和高尔夫球场,甚至Sonny烤肉店底下穿梭。Pretty remarkable, and what that taught me was that everything we do on the surface of our earth挺不可思议的吧!这让我知道,所有我们在地球表面做的事,will be returned to us to drink.都会影响我们的生活用水。Our water planet is not just rivers, lakes and oceans,我们的水资源不仅仅只有川河湖海,but its this vast network of groundwater that knits us all together.地下水资源也将我们联系起来。Its a shared resource from which we all drink.这是我们共享的饮用水源。And when we can understand our human connections with our groundwater and all of our water resources on this planet,如果我们能够了解人类与地下水,以及这个星球上其他水资源的联系,then well be working on the problem thats probably the most important issue of this century.我们就会一起解决这个可能是这个世纪最重要的问题。So I never got to be that astronaut that I always wanted to be,我终究没有成为我想做的宇航员,but this mapping device, designed by Dr. Bill Stone, will be. Its actually morphed.但是这个由比利·斯通士设计的绘图机器能够做到。它是改良过的。Its now a self-swimming autonomous robot, artificially intelligent,现在是自动巡航的宇航机器人,拥有人工智能,and its ultimate goal is to go to Jupiters moon Europa and explore oceans beneath the frozen surface of that body.它的终极目标是到达木星的卫星欧罗帕,探索在冰冻地面下的海洋。And thats pretty amazing.这真的很神奇。201707/516964宜昌治疗睾丸炎比较好的男科医院TED演讲视频:更多精 野化世界在美国黄石国家公园,曾经栖息着土生土长的狼群,直到有一天,狩猎者将它们驱逐殆尽。然而到了1995年,(由于一个激进的管理项目)狼群开始重新回归,一些有趣的现象出现了:黄石国家公园找到了一个新的更有益的生态平衡。在一个大胆的思维试验中,乔治·蒙构想了一个更野化的世界,在这个世界里,人类开始恢复那失去的复杂且自然的食物链。201702/492352宜昌包茎环切手术价格British police said mental health was a significant factor in a London stabbing attack that left one woman dead and at least five injured.伦敦发生一起持刀袭击事件,造成一名妇女死亡至少五人受伤,英国警方称精神健康是一个重要因素。Assistant Commissioner for Londons police service Mark Rowley said on Thursday police are still ;keeping an open mind regarding the motive.;伦敦警察局助理局长马克·罗立周四表示,警方仍对作案动机保持开发的心态。City police responded late Wednesday to reports of a man attacking people with a knife in Russell Square. Police arrived at the scene, and at least six people had suffered stab wounds.市警方周三晚上接到报案,称一名男子在罗素广场持刀袭击。警方到达现场,至少有六人遭到刺伤。Police report one woman was pronounced dead at the scene. Rowley said the woman killed was an American citizen.警方称一名妇女现场被宣告死亡。罗立称被杀害的妇女是一名美国公民。The attacker was arrested shortly after police arrived and remains in police custody.警方到达后不久袭击者被逮捕,并被警方拘留。City police are working with officers from the Counter Terrorism Command to determine if the attack was terror-related. Rowley said so far, authorities have found no evidence of radicalization.市警方正与反恐指挥部的人员合作,确定该袭击是否与恐怖有关。罗立表示,到目前为止当局没有发现与激进主义有关。Rowley said civilians should expect to see more officers following the event.罗立表示,事件发生后民众希望部署更多警员。译文属。201608/458933Several years earlier, he had a very old magazine article几年前,他从一本老杂志上看到了一篇文章by one of the most famous early dinosaur hunters.内容是关于一种最著名的早期食肉恐龙I an article by Brown.我读了一篇Barnum Brown写的文章The article was basically about his experiences in southern Alberta.主要是讲他在南亚尔伯的经历In that article is basically a one-liner, which suggests that he found somewhere文章中有一行提到它在某个地方发现了where there was a lot of tyrannosaurs remains in one single bone bed.一片埋着很多暴龙骨骼的化石场Currie realized this might be the multiple-carnivore bone bed he had been looking for,Currie意识到这个早已被遗忘的地点可能就是他一直在寻找的食肉恐龙群化石场a place which showed that several tyrannosaurs had lived and died together.一个能明很多暴龙一起生活和死去的地方Buried in the pages of National Geographic for over 80 years,但是由于在《国家地理》杂志中尘封了80多年the reference to the bone bed site had long been forgotten.化石场的资料早已被人们遗忘I got really excited. I knew that this was a really special site.我真的非常兴奋,我很清楚,这是一个很不寻常的地点And I felt that we had to refind this site.我觉得我们应该找到它It wasnt a matter any more that there was a bone bed that we might find. I had to find that site.不管还有多少化石场等着我们去发现,我必须找到这个地方Although finding this site had become crucial, there was a problem.虽然找到这个特殊地点非常重要,但却有一个很大的问题Barnum Brown had never written down where the site was.Barnum Brown并没有写明地址He died, taking the secret of its location to the grave.他去世之时也把这些秘密带进了坟墓This is one of Barnum Browns field books.这是Barnum Brown的一本记录本,There arent too many of these, just because Barnum Brown didnt take any notes.他有很多这种记录本,但大部分都没有用,因为Barnum Brown并没有记下些什么All it is is just a list of specimens and field numbers.你只要看看这本里面只列举了一些标本名称和数据Theres not much about his activities, about the geology of particular localities,涉及他活动的内容并不多,没有多少详细的地质描述except that the rocks were grey, or it took him three days to get a specimen out.只是说岩石是灰色的,诸如此类的话,或是说他花了3天才挖出一块标本Unlike a lot of paleontologists of his time, or even today, he wasnt much of a note taker.他和许多同时代的,甚至是现在的古生物学家不太一样,他不是很喜欢做记录201612/482205湖北省宜昌治疗内分泌多少钱

伍家岗区人民中妇幼保健医院泌尿系统在线咨询宜昌市治疗前列腺炎哪家医院最好Just draining, sapping,but what are so really difficult things is just about putting your head down,不停地流失水分 排除汗液 但是此时真正难以做到的事情 是你还能低着头and keeping focused,recharging, reassess,and aim for the next one.Just break it down into small bite-sized chunks.集中精力 一边恢复体力 继续判断方向 然后着眼于下一个落脚点 只需打破开来 一点点解决Bottom line is it doesnt matter how good, smart or clever you are.Without water you are dead.现在看重的不是你有多强 有多机灵或者熟练 没有水你就死定了A vital part of survival is always trying to remain alert to whats around you.荒野存活能成功的关键 是对你周围的事物时刻保持警惕Thats unusual.See that mound of earth?Theres a well.I took the camera.Okay. Ive got it.这有点不寻常 看到那堆土了吗 这儿有口井 我来拿摄像机 好了 松手吧You cant even see the bottom there.Lets count this down.你几乎都看不到底 数一下时间One, two, two seconds.Yes, its a good 50 foot down there,but its also dry.This could be long abandoned, this well.一 二 两秒 大概有十五米左右 但这口井已经枯了 这口井应该已经废弃很久了Look. Trees over there and these wells are dug down to the water table. 看 那边有树 这口井应该挖至地下水位了Almost guarantee if I can get down there,dig into the sand theres going to be water somewhere.也就是说如果我下去了 再往下挖就应该会有水了Lets try to work out how to get down this thing without a rope.让我仔细想想 不用绳子怎么爬下去Acacia trees surviving of the deep underground water could provide the materials I need.靠地下水生存的阿拉伯胶树 能够提供我所需的材料I need a couple of long, straight branches.Look. This will be nice.我要两根长而直的树枝 看 这根就很好As long as these poles are longer than the width of the well,I can use them to get down.只要这跟树枝 比井的直径长一点 我就可以靠它们 下至井底I should be able to. Its something I have never tried before.我应该可以 我以前也从没试过Just drag over the sand.Im good to go with this.Okay.在沙子里一 这样就差不多了 好了201611/478276宜昌治疗早泄要用多少钱宜昌环状糜烂性龟头炎

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