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来源:飞度咨询云管家    发布时间:2018年11月18日 04:08:35    编辑:admin         

历时10年制作,按1:150全景立体复原,手工雕刻的“圆明园盛世全景”近日在世会世界贸易中心协会展馆惊艳亮相,立体雕刻《圆明园》全面展现了圆明园、长春园、绮春园三大园林全景原貌。被称为“万园之园”,the Garden of Gardens的圆明园被毁,可以说是中国园林建筑史上的最大缺憾。近日,一座全景复活圆明园的雕塑在世会上重现,给众多游客带来了巨大惊喜。你知道怎么用英语介绍美丽的圆明园吗?首先,要说说圆明园名字的英译,是Old Summer Palace,这个名字看上去是不是很熟悉?没错,颐和园的英译是Summer Palace,和圆明园只有一词之差。之所以译为Summer Palace,是因为颐和园是皇帝夏天居住的地方,若要翻译出字面含义,可以说:Garden Of Nurtured Harmony。圆明园中包含了三个主要主要园林:圆明园:the Garden of Perfect Brightness proper;长春园:the Garden of Eternal Spring;绮春园:the Elegant Spring Garden。圆明园中还有一处极具外国建筑特色的园林:西洋楼。The Old Summer Palace is often associated with the European-style palaces built of stone. The designers of these structures were employed by Emperor Qianlong to satisfy his taste for exotic buildings and objects.圆明园中的西洋楼是一处模仿外国建筑风情的园林,乾隆皇帝专门请了外国建筑师来建造这处园林,以满足自己追求新奇的口味。这座伟大的园林在第二次鸦片战争期间被毁:It took 3,500 British troops to set the entire place ablaze, taking three days to burn. The Palace was plundered and burned twice. The first time was in 1860 by French and British army forces, and only 13 royal buildings survived to remain intact, most of them in the remote areas or by the lake side. The second time was in 1900 during the Eight-Nation Alliance invasion, and nothing remained this time.3500英国部队花了三天时间才将圆明园烧成灰烬。圆明园受到了两次洗劫。第一次是1860年英法联军入侵,当时只有13座位置比较偏远的宫殿得以保留;第二次是1900年八国联军入侵的时候,这一回整个园林都被烧毁。圆明园虽然被毁了,但在很多保存完好的园林中,我们仍然能体会到中国园林的独特风情:the combination of landscape、painting and poetry,山水风景与诗画融合,形成了这种独特的poetic garden,使居住在园中的人得到精神上的愉快与安宁:to provide a spiritual Utopia。中国园林的几大审美要素包括:不对称:asymmetrical;空间艺术:various types of spatial connections;树木、山石和流水:trees、rocks and water;借景:borrowed scenery;题辞:inscriptions;风水:use of feng shuifor choosing site。 /201005/105080。

Tongling, a copper-mining center since the Ming dynasty, is running low on ore. The Yangtze River city wants to turn itself into a manufacturing center, but it lacks a critical ingredient: a steady supply of factory workers.长江流域的铜矿产业中心铜陵市希望转型为一个制造业中心,但缺乏一个关键要素:稳定的工人供给。So it is doing what many places in China are unwilling to do. It is inviting migrants and their families to settle, giving them the same rights to education, health care and housing as locals, and even letting émigrés from China#39;s villages retain their exemption from China#39;s notorious one-child policy, so they can have a second child.因此该市采取了中国许多地区不愿采取的措施,那就是邀请移民及其家人前来定居,并给予他们与本地人同等的教育、医疗和居住权利,甚至允许来自中国农村的移民保留豁免中国一胎政策的权利,这样他们依然可以生二胎。The approach shows signs of working. Tongling#39;s population is growing, while overall Anhui province#39;s is falling, and the local economy is getting a small boost. #39;Farmers are leaving their land and coming to work in the city#39;s factories,#39; says Chen Lei, a manager at the Tongling subsidiary of Hailiang Group, which makes copper tubes and plans to more than double its workforce of 280 in the next three years. #39;We#39;re seeing that now.#39;有迹象显示这一措施取得了成效。在安徽省总体人口数量下降之际,铜陵市人口正在增长,当地经济也获得了些许提振。海亮(安徽)铜业有限公司总经理助理陈磊说,农民正在离开他们的土地,来到铜陵市的工厂工作,我们正在看到这些变化。该公司是海亮集团(Hailiang Group)旗下子公司,主要生产铜管,该公司计划未来三年让员工数量从目前的280人增加一倍多。Since 2010, this dusty city of 750,000 in eastern China has made reform of the city#39;s residency-permit system a centerpiece of its economic strategy.自2010年以来,这座尘土飞扬、有75万人口的中国东部城市已经将户籍制度改革作为其经济战略的中心部分。All Chinese have what#39;s known as a hukou--a document that entitles them to live in a certain place, usually their hometown, and divides them into rural or urban residents. Social benefits derive from hukou status and vary widely. World Bank researchers estimate that China#39;s richest provinces spend eight times as much, per person, overall as the poorest ones.所有中国人都有户口,户口赋予他们在某个地区生活(通常是他们的家乡)的权利,并把他们划分为城市和农村居民。户口情况决定了居民享受的社会福利,并且存在巨大差异。世界(World Bank)研究员估计,中国最富裕省份的人均社会福利出是最贫困省份的八倍。#39;China is like a lot of small kingdoms with different levels of welfare,#39; says He Fan, a senior researcher at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. #39;People try to move to better places. Hukous keep them out.#39;中国社会科学院研究员何帆说,中国各地就像许多小王国,福利水平各不相同,人们尝试移居到福利水平更高的地区,但户口成为他们的一大阻碍。Chinese economists say that a Communist Party conference that starts Saturday and is scheduled to release an economic blueprint for the next decade will discuss making China#39;s hukou system more equitable. In June, China#39;s National Development and Reform Commission--the old State Planning ministry--released a report saying China should relax hukou controls, starting in smaller cities like Tongling, but only slowly make such changes in larger ones.中国经济学家说,定于周六举行的中共十八届三中全会将讨论使中国户籍制度更公平的问题。今年6月份,中国国家发展和改革委员会(简称:发改委)在一份报告中说,中国应当从铜陵市这样的小城市开始放开户籍管制,但在更大型城市只缓慢推进这一改革。More-sweeping change is opposed by major cities, whose social-welfare benefits are greater than in smaller cities like Tonglingand thus would face greater outlays for migrant families, say researchers involved in putting together the party economic plan.据参与汇总中共经济方案的研究员说,更彻底的户籍制度改革受到大城市的反对,它们的社会福利更高,因此移民家庭将加重它们的福利出负担。Looking to replace the hukou system altogether, the Development Research Center, an influential Chinese government think tank, has urged the party leadership to create a national package of social benefits, so Chinese living standards won#39;t depend so much on differences in localities.具影响力的中国政府智库国务院发展研究中心已敦促中共领导层制定一个全国性的社会福利一揽子方案,完全替换掉户籍制度,这样中国人的生活水平就不会在那么大程度上取决于不同的所在地了。Under the current system, a Beijing hukou gives students a leg up in getting into the capital#39;s universities, which are among the best in China, and medical insurance that can help pay for treatment at some of the country#39;s better hospitals. A rural hukou gives farmers rights to the land they farm--usually enough for a dependable, though subsistence living--and much more modest medical care than is available in cities.根据现行制度,北京户口让学生在进入北京的大学时占有优势,而中国很多最好的大学都位于北京。此外,北京户口还让北京居民得以享受在中国一些较好医院就诊的医疗保险。农村户口让农民有权耕种他们的土地,这通常可以为农民带来一个基本有保障的生活,但享有的医疗保障则远不及城市户口。The hukou system dates back to 1958 when the Communist Party wanted to make sure enough people were tilling the fields. The policy helped China avoid some of the problems of Latin America and Africa, where big cities are ringed with shantytowns. But by limiting the ability of Chinese to move their families to the cities where they work, the hukou system also made migrants wary of adopting freer-spending urban lifestyles, a trend running counter to Chinese leaders#39; broader goals of shifting to a consumer-led economy.户口制度源自1958年,当时中共希望确保有足够的人耕种土地。这项政策帮助中国避免了拉美和非洲出现的一些问题,即大城市中散落的贫民窟。但由于户口制度限制了中国国人举家迁移至他们工作城市的能力,该制度让生活在大城市的移民不愿更自由的消费,而这种趋势与中国领导人将中国转变为消费主导型经济的更大目标背道而驰。A report by the World Bank and Development Research Center estimates that shifting 10% of China#39;s workforce out of the agricultural sector could boost China#39;s GDP by 6.4%, with higher gains in the less-developed western and central parts of China.世界和国务院发展研究中心联合发布的一份报告估计,将中国10%的农业人口转变为城镇居民可能会给中国国内生产总值(GDP)带来6.4%的提振作用,欠发达的中国中西部地区受到的提振会更大。For decades Anhui province, where Tongling is located, has sent migrants to Shanghai, Guangzhou and other coastal cities in search of work in China#39;s burgeoning export businesses. Migrant labor powered China#39;s rise to become the world#39;s second largest economy but at a heavy personal cost for migrants. Many of them left their kids in their home villages to be raised by grandparents because they couldn#39;t get local hukous, making it extraordinarily difficult for them to put their children in local public schools.数十年来,铜陵市所在的安徽省向上海和广州等沿海城市输送了大量移民,他们在中国增长迅速的出口行业寻找工作。移民工人推动中国崛起为全球第二大经济体,但他们也付出了沉重的个人代价。他们当中许多人都将孩子留在了家乡,让父母代为照看,因为他们无法获得当地户口,难以让孩子进入当地公立学校读书。From 2008 to 2012, as Anhui province#39;s population fell 2.4%, Tongling#39;s edged up 0.4%, according to government statistics. Industrial profits rose 6% between 2010 and 2012 in the city, much slower than during the boom years before the global financial crisis, but still in the plus column while the city makes its economic transformation.据政府数据显示,2008年至2012年期间,安徽省人口数量下降了2.4%,而铜陵市人口小幅增长0.4%。2010年至2012年期间该市工业利润增长了6%,远低于全球金融危机前繁荣时期的增速,但在该市经济转型之际仍实现了正增长。In 2005, Tongling eliminated the education surcharge of around 750 yuan (4) per semester for each migrant child in Tongling public schools, says Zhong Heping, deputy director of Tongling#39;s urban and rural unification office. Over the past three years, the city also made migrants eligible for public housing and the same medical insurance as locals.铜陵市城乡一体化工作办公室副主任钟和平说,2005年,铜陵市已取消公立学校移民子弟每人每学期约人民币750元的赞助费。过去三年,该市还让移民可以享受到公共住房政策,并与本地人享有同等的医疗保险。Zhou Xiaocui, a 49-year-old clothing store owner, from Anqing, about 55 miles from Tongling, says the city#39;s open door to migrants convinced her to settle there. She says she is impressed that she doesn#39;t have to pay extra for her 13-year-old son to attend the local junior high school. #39;I heard good things about Tongling,#39; she says. #39;That#39;s why we moved here.#39;现年49岁的装店店主周小翠说,铜陵市向移民敞开大门的政策吸引她来此定居。她来自距离铜陵市约88公里的安庆。她说,最打动她的是她13岁的儿子读本地初中不用交赞助费。她说:我听说铜陵这里对外来人口不错,所以我们就搬过来了。Wu Jiaxiang, a Tongling native who now lives in Beijing and writes books about Chinese politics, says the core of Tongling#39;s reform is #39;equal rights for all.#39;吴稼祥,铜陵人,现居北京,中国政治类书籍作家。他说,铜陵改革的核心命题是平权。Tongling has been known for reform since 1991, when the young mayor, Wang Yang, published an article, #39;Wake Up, Tongling,#39; urging the town to embrace market economics and be open-minded about the changes sweeping China. It caught the attention of then-paramount leader Deng Xiaoping, Chinese media accounts say, which put Mr. Wang on a fast track to higher office.1991年,时任铜陵市长的汪洋发表了一篇题为《醒来吧,铜陵》的文章,从那时开始,铜陵市就以改革而闻名于世。在这篇文章中,汪洋敦促铜陵发展市场经济,以开放性的思维应对整个中国所发生的变化。根据中国媒体的纪录,这篇文章引起了当时中国最高领导人邓小平的注意,汪洋的仕途也由此踏上快速上升的轨道。He burnished his reformist reputation as party chief of coastal Guandong province, pressing local businesses to boost their global competitiveness, and is now a vice premier overseeing economic issues. Locals say he can be counted on to help Tongling.在担任广东省委书记期间,汪洋通过鼓励当地企业加强国际竞争力而进一步巩固了他作为改革派的声誉。汪洋目前担任主管经济问题的国务院副总理。铜陵的当地人说,可以指望汪洋帮助铜陵。The city#39;s current mayor, Hou Ximin, was a Beijing housing official before he was dispatched to Tongling as a way to round out his resume for higher office, says Mr. Wu, the Tongling political writer.现任的铜陵市市长是原在北京担任住房建设官员的侯淅珉。吴稼祥说,他被派往铜陵担任市长是为下一步的晋升积攒资历。Tongling#39;s move to equalize benefits came after other attempts flopped. Over the past decade, the city required rural residents to give up their land in exchange for an urban hukou and a city apartment. While the city set the compensation at levels higher than elsewhere, many former farmers ran through the money and wound up unemployed. These #39;lost land#39; farmers now congregate around housing projects playing cards and looking for tiny plots of undeveloped to plant beans.在让居民平等享有福利之前,铜陵采取的其他措施曾遭遇失败。在过去的10年里,铜陵市出台了让农村人口放弃土地以换取城市户口和住宅的政策。虽然铜陵市制定的补偿比其他地方更高,但许多农民在用光了补偿款之后就陷入失业的困境。如今,这些失去土地的农民聚集在住宅项目周围,一边打牌,一边寻找没有被开发的可以种些豆子的地方。City officials and academics studied the massive efforts of Chongqing, with a population of 30 million, to turn 10 million rural residents into urban ones, so they could become a workforce for the factories the city was wooing from China#39;s coast. But Chongqing requires farmers to give up their land within three years in exchange for urban benefits and many balk, figuring that their land acted as a kind of insurance policy. Even if they were laid off from the factory, they could come home and farm, say farmers in rural Chongqing districts.铜陵市官员和学者们把重庆市的大规模户籍制度改革作为研究的样本。重庆市拥有3,000万人口,在吸引沿海地区企业工人到重庆就业的同时,重庆市还计划让1,000万农民进城,把这些农村人口转变成工厂工人。但根据重庆市的要求,农民必须在三年内放弃自己的土地以换取城市福利,许多农民不愿这么做,在这些农民眼中,土地就像一张保险单。重庆郊区农村的农民们说,即使被工厂解雇了,他们仍可以回家种地。Tongling puts less demand on migrants. They can keep their land and still get urban benefits. That is what Ms. Zhou, the clothing store owner decided to do. #39;I definitely don#39;t want to give up my land back at home,#39; she says. #39;I think every farmer feels the same way.#39;铜陵则没有给移民设定那么多条件。铜陵农民在获得城市福利的同时还可以保有土地。这也正是周小翠的决定,这个装店店主说:我肯定不想放弃家里的土地,每个农民应该都是这么想的。For its part, Tongling is experimenting with new ways to convince rural residents and migrants to become urban workers. The city is teaming with a trust company to offer farmers a chance to pool their lands so the fields can be farmed more efficiently and raise higher value crops. Lease payments and dividends, Tongling planners say, could put more money in farmers#39; bank accounts and encourage them to leave their farms and move to cities where wages are higher.铜陵也在尝试用新的方法吸引农村和外来人口进城当工人。铜陵正与一家信托公司合作,使农民有机会将土地集中起来,以便提高耕作效率并种植价值更高的作物。铜陵的政策规划者们说,土地的租金和红利会让农民的帐户里面有更多的钱,鼓励他们离开土地,到工资水平更高的城市落户安家。 /201311/264270。

LOTTE SHOPPING IN TALKS TO BUY CHINESE CHAINLotte Shopping, South Korea's second-largest retailer, is in talks to buy a controlling stake in Times, the Chinese supermarket operator, to expand its presence in the world's fastest-growing major economy.Lotte's move will rival a 0m bid from Chinese retailer Wumart Stores for the Chinese supermarket chain, and comes after Times invited a number of potential bidders to review the company's operations.“We are reviewing opportunities to expand in China through mergers and acquisitions and buying Times could be one of the options,” said a Lotte spokesman.He declined to give any details, adding that no decision has been made yet.韩国第二大零售商乐天百货公司(Lotte Shopping)正进行谈判,拟收购中国超市运营商时代零售集团(Times)的控股权,以此拓展其中国业务。中国是全球增长最快的主要经济体。乐天百货将与出价6亿美元的中国零售商物美商业集团(Wumart Stores)争夺时代零售,时代零售已邀请多家潜在竞购者评估其业务。“我们正评估通过并购在中国扩张的机会,收购时代零售将可能是选择之一,”乐天百货的一位发言人表示。他拒绝透露任何细节,并补充称,目前尚未作出任何决定。 /200910/86534。

The Japanese government may not have yet confirmed reports on Wednesday that it has reached a deal to purchase part of a chain of islands at the heart of a long-standing diplomatic feud with China, but that didn#39;t stop China#39;s Foreign Ministry from issuing an emotional response. 有报道称,日本已就购买处于日中外交争端核心的部分岛屿达成协议。日本政府周三还没有对这些报道予以实,但这并未阻止中国外交部发表相当情绪化的回应。 ;In disregard of China#39;s solemn representations and firm opposition, Japan single-mindedly pushes forward the island purchase process which severely harmed China#39;s territorial sovereignty and hurt the feelings of the Chinese people,; Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei said at a regular press briefing in Beijing on Wednesday afternoon, his voice climbing in pitch as he spoke. ;We cannot help but ask where is Japan trying to lead China-Japan relations to?; 中国外交部发言人洪磊周三下午在北京举行的例行记者会上说,日方不顾中方多次严正交涉,对中方要求置若罔闻,执意推进所谓;购岛;进程,严重损害中国的领土主权,伤害中国人民的民族感情。我们不禁要问,日方究竟要把处理钓鱼岛问题引向何方? The Senkaku Islands —— three of which are owned by Japan#39;s Kurihara family —— are administered by Japan but claimed by both China and Taiwan. In China, they are referred to as the Diaoyu Islands. 尖阁列岛(Senkaku Islands,中国称钓鱼岛)目前处于日方控制之下,中国和台湾均称对其拥有主权。尖阁列岛中有三座岛现为日本栗原(Kurihara)家族所有。 Japanese media reported that an agreement had been reached between the Japanese government and the Kurihara family to transfer ownership of the three islands for roughly 2 billion yen ( million). The Wall Street Journal has not been able to independently verify those reports. 据日本媒体报道,日本政府与栗原家族已就这三座岛的所有权转让问题达成协议,转让金额约为20亿日圆(合2,600万美元)。《华尔街日报》一直无法独立实这些报道。 In the event those reports turn out to be true, what will the Japanese government be getting for all that cash? Thanks to China Real Time#39;s sister blog, Japan Real Time, we have at least a partial answer. 如果这些报道被明属实,那么日本政府花这么一大笔钱得到的岛屿究竟长得什么样呢?;中国实时报;(China Real Time)栏目的版;日本实时报;(Japan Real Time)让我们有机会一睹其部分真面目。 JRT recently returned from accompanying the Tokyo Metropolitan Government, which had been undergoing negotiations of its own with the Kurihara clan, on a survey of the Senkakus. Along the way, WSJ#39;s Eleanor Warnock captured a few short clips that give a sense of what China and Japan have been fighting over. 之前一直与栗原家族举行谈判的东京都政府前不久对尖阁列岛进行了一番调查,;日本实时报;栏目记者沃诺克(Eleanor Warnock)随同前往。沃诺克在沿途拍下了几个视频短片,人们可通过这些短片对于中日双方争夺不休的岛屿有一个直观了解。 Here, for example, is a spiky outcropping on Minamiko Island that Japanese officials believe was the inspiration behind the name Senkaku, which means ;pointed; in Japanese: 例如,下面这张图是南小岛(Minamiko Island)露出水面的尖顶,日本官员认为这个该岛是;尖阁列岛;名字背后的灵感来源。 (A close-up of the shoreline of Uotsori, a Kurihara-owned island that Tokyo officials believe has tourism development potential, is available here, along with other snippets from the expedition here and here.) (还有一张栗原家族所有的鱼钓岛(Uotsori)海岸线近景图片,东京都政府官员认为该岛具备旅游开发潜力。另外,点击这里和这里还有多张这次调查过程中拍摄的其它图片。) Tokyo#39;s aim in conducting the survey was to see whether any of the islands could be developed for tourism and generally assess their worth. The survey team was unable to go ashore, however, because the Japanese government, which is currently leasing the islands from the Kurihara family, would not grant them permission. 东京都政府此次调查的目的是看看这些岛屿是否能进行旅游开发,对其价值进行粗略评估。不过,因为没有得到日本政府的许可,调查团不能登岛。日本政府目前从栗原家族手中租借了这些岛屿。 But if China had any hopes that Tokyo Governor Shintaro Ishihara might oppose the deal because of the city#39;s competing desire to buy the islands, they took a hit Wednesday afternoon when Mr. Ishihara told reporters he wouldn#39;t ;butt in; if the Japanese government were to go through with the purchase. 东京都政府与日本中央政府均有购岛意愿,但如果中国因此对东京都知事石原慎太郎(Shintaro Ishihara)可能反对日本中央政府购岛而抱有任何希望的话,那么周三下午这一希望可以说是落空了。石原慎太郎当天告诉记者,如果日本政府要完成购岛计划,他是不会插手的。 Japan#39;s Chief Cabinet Secretary Osamu Fujimura refused on Wednesday to confirm or deny reports of a deal, saying the government is still in talks with the Kurihara family and could not give specifics. 日本内阁官房长官藤村修(Osamu Fujimura)周三拒绝对购岛交易的报道予以实或否认。他说,日本政府目前仍在与栗原家族进行商谈,不便透露详情。 Beijing was ;monitoring developments of the situation closely,; the Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said, adding that the China would ;take necessary measures to defend national territorial sovereignty.; 中国外交部发言人洪磊说,中方正密切关注事态发展,采取必要措施维护国家领土主权。 China#39;s official Xinhua news agency chimed in with a commentary later in the day that dismissed Japan#39;s efforts to purchase the islands as ;a prank,; a ;farce; and ;a daredevil move that could further wreck its ties with Beijing.; 中国官方通讯社新华社(Xinhua news agency)周三晚些时候发表文章,将日本的购岛举动斥为胡来和闹剧,说这一鲁莽之举可能会进一步损害日本与中国的关系。 /201209/198336。