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2018年04月24日 16:36:00 | 作者:飞度好医院 | 来源:新华社
A Psalm of LifeThe Love of BeautyThe love of beauty is an essential part of all healthy human nature. It is a moral quality. The absence of it is not an assured ground of condemnation, but the presence of it is an invariable sign of goodness of heart. In proportion to the degree in which it is felt will probably be the degree in which nobleness and beauty of character will be attained. Natural beauty is an all-pervading presence. The universe is its temple. It unfolds into the numberless flowers of spring. It waves in the branches of trees and the green blades of grass. It haunts the depths of the earth and the sea. It gleams from the hues of the shell and the precious stone. And not only these minute objects but the oceans, the mountains, the clouds, the stars, the rising and the setting sun---all overflow with beauty. This beauty is so precious, and so congenial to our tenderest and noblest feelings, that it is painful to think of the multitude of people living in the midst of it and yet remaining almost blind to it.All persons should seek to become acquainted with the beauty in nature. There is not a worm we t upon, nor a leaf that dances merrily as it falls bee the autumn winds, but calls our study and admiration. The power to appreciated beauty not merely increases our sources of happiness---it enlarges our moral nature, too. Beauty calms our restlessness and dispels our cares. Go into the fields or the woods, spend a summer day by the sea or the mountains, and all your little perplexities and anxieties will vanish. Listen to sweet music, and your foolish fears and petty jealousies will pass away. The beauty of the world helps us to seek and find the beauty of goodness. 爱美爱美及是整个健全人性不可或缺之一部分它是一种道德品质缺乏这种品质并不能作为受到责难的充分理由,但是拥有这种品质则是心灵美好的永恒标志品德的高尚与美好所达到的程度可能与对美的感受程度成正比大自然的美无处不在,整个宇宙就是美的殿堂美,在春日百花中绽放;美,在绿叶嫩枝间摇曳;美,在深海幽谷里游弋;美,在奇石与贝壳的缤纷色中闪烁不只是这些细微之物,还有海洋,山川,云,繁星,日升日落 – 一切都是洋溢着美这样的美是如此珍贵,与我们最温柔,最高尚的情愫是如此相宜然而,想到很多人置身于美之中,却几乎对它熟视无睹,真是令人痛心不已所有的人都应该去认识大自然之美没有一条我们踩过的小虫,没有一片在秋风拂掠之际飞舞的树叶不值得我们研究与赞赏欣赏美的能力不仅增加了我们快乐的来源,也加强了我们德性的修养美使我们不安的心平静下来,也驱散了我们的忧虑到田野或森林去,在夏日的海边或山上呆上一天,那么你所有微不足道的困惑与焦虑都会烟消云散倾听悦耳的音乐,你那愚蠢的恐惧与狭隘的嫉妒都会过去世界之美将有助于我们找到为善之美 380最沉重的负担同时也是一种生活最为充实的象征负担越沉,我们的生活也就贴近大地,越趋近真切和实在相反,完全没有负担,人变得比大气还轻,会高高地飞起,离别大地亦即离别真实的生活他将变得似真非真,运动自由而毫无意义①If 1)eternal return is the heaviest of burdens, then our lives can stand out against it in all their splendid lightness. But, is heaviness truly )deplorable and lightness splendid? The heaviest of burdens crushes us. We sink beneath it. It pins us to the ground. The heaviest of burdens is, theree, 3)simultaneously an image of life’s most intense )fulfillment. The heavier the burden, the closer our lives come to the earth; the more real and truthful they become.5)Conversely, the absolute absence of a burden causes man to be lighter than air, to soar into the heights, take leave of the earth and his earthly being and become only half real, his movements as free as they are 6)insignificant. What then shall we choose; weight or lightness? 3I have been thinking about Tomas many years. But only in the light of these reflections did I see him clearly. I saw him standing at the window of his 7)flat and looking across the courtyard at the opposite walls, not knowing what to do. He had first met Tereza about three weeks earlier in a small Czech town. They had spent 8)scarcely an hour together. She had accompanied him to the station and waited with him until he boarded the train. Ten days later she paid him a visit. They made love the day she arrived. That night she came down with a fever and stayed a whole week in his flat with the flu. He had come to feel an 9)inexplicable love this all but complete stranger. She seemed a child to him, a child someone had put in a )bulrush basket )docked with pitch and sent )downstream Tomas to )fetch under the riverbank of his bed. He knelt down next to her. Her feverous breath quickened and she gave out a weak )moan. He pressed his face to hers and whispered calming words into her sleep. And all at once he )fancied she had been with him many years and was dying. He had a sudden clear feeling that he would not survive her death. He would lie down beside her and want to die with her. He pressed his face into the pillow beside her head and kept it there a long time. Now he was standing at the window trying to call that moment to . What could it have been if not love declaring itself to him? But was it love? The feeling of wanting to die beside her was clearly )exaggerated; he had seen her only once bee in his life. Was it simply the )hysteria of a man who, aware deep down of his 18)inaptitude love, felt the self-deluding need to simulate it? His 19)unconscious was so )cowardly that the best partner he could choose his little comedy were this miserable 1)provincial waitress with practically no chance at all to enter his life. He remained annoyed with himself until he realized that not knowing what he really wanted was actually quite natural. We can never know what to want because, living only one life, we can neither compare it with our previous lives nor perfect it in our lives to come. There is no means of testing which decision is better because there is no basis comparison. We live everything as it comes, without warning, like an actor going on cold. And what can life be worth if the first rehearsal life is life itself? ②“Einmal ist keinmal”, says Tomas to himself. What happens but once, says the German )adage, might as well not have happened at all. If we have only one life to live, we might as well not have lived at all. 198

Archaeology Archaeology is a source of history, not just a humble auxiliary discipline. Archaeological data are historical documents in their own right, not mere illustrations to written texts. Just as much as any other historian, an archaeologist studies and tries to reconstitute the process that has created the human world in which we live -- and us ourselves in so far as we are each creatures of our age and social environment. Archaeological data are all changes in the material world resulting from human action or, more succinctly, the fossilized results of human behavior. The sum total of these constitutes what may be called the archaeological record. This record exhibits certain peculiarities and deficiencies the consequences of which produce a rather superficial contrast between archaeological history and the more familiar kind based upon written records. Not all human behavior fossilizes. The words I utter and you hear as vibrations in the air are certainly human changes in the material world and may be of great historical significance. Yet they leave no sort of trace in the archaeological records unless they are captured by a dictaphone or written down by a clerk. The movement of troops on the battlefield may "change the course of history," but this is equally ephemeral from the archaeologist's standpoint. What is perhaps worse, most organic materials are perishable. Everything made of wood, hide, wool, linen, grass, hair, and similar materials will decay and vanish in dust in a few years or centuries, save under very exceptional conditions. In a relatively brief period the archaeological record is reduced to mere scraps of stone, bone, glass, metal, and earthenware. Still modern archaeology, by applying appropriate techniques and comparative methods, aided by a few lucky finds from peat-bogs, deserts, and frozen soils, is able to fill up a good deal of the gap. 1576

最重要的一点是承认助手的成绩并给予奖励能否培养和造就一位助手,对你和助手来讲都是很重要的一种锻炼,这对你下次晋级也颇为重要 You've got your first promotion,and everything is going your way.Now you've got an assistant.But along with the excitement,you have got a load of new assignments and you don't see how you can work harder.Actually,you' re probably working hard enough,but you may not be working smart enough.Effective job permance and management require delegation.The more you move up,the more you'll have to develop this skill.Delegating means making the best possible use of that new assistant they've assigned you.She's enthusiastic,bright,even if a bit confused and naive at times.Mainly,she's eager to learn and looks to you direction.Maybe you're wondering whether this inexperienced young person is up to the job.She's eager,all right,but can she really understand the work as well as you do?You may question her competence or sincerity at times.So you may end up perming tasks she could have hand led,leaving too little time work that demands your special skills and attention.Knowing what to delegate is as important as knowing how.It's unfair to pass along jobs just because you dislike them or don't understand them.Playing games is also wrong--asking that assistant to do something you know beyond her, example.Giving the impression that you don't really trust your assistant's skills or won't be satisfied no matter what is a sure way to kill youthful enthusiasm.True,she's probably not as competent as you are,but she may still be equal to the task.The point is to free your time and energy other work.When you assign a job,explain clearly what you want done.Be patient with questions,including the ones you can't believe she asked.Even if you're sure your way is best,leave room her to do it her way.Once she's begun,check progress occasionally,but don't hang over her.If you think things are going poorly,you may ask if she wants help or advice--don't rush in and take over.Most important,recognize and reward achievement.The ability to train and develop an assistant is as important an exercise you as her,and will count toward your next promotion. 5363

地球是多数人的幸福家园但信念是精神的一种状态人只要拥有信念,就不会轻言放弃倘若他不得已颠沛流离,就会再次建起一座房子,那是地球上任何飓风都无法摧毁的 The Light of a Bright Day By Helen Keller I choose my subject faith wrought into life, apart from creed or dogma. By faith I mean a vision of good one cherishes and the enthusiasm that pushes one to seek its fulfillment regardless of obstacles. Faith is a dynamic power that breaks the chain of routine and gives a new, fine turn to old commonplaces. Faith reinvigorates the will, enriches the affections and awakens a sense of creativeness. Active faith knows no fear, and it is a safeguard to me against cynicism and despair. After all, faith is not one thing or two or three things; it is an indivisible totality of beliefs that inspire me. Belief in God as infinite good will and all-seeing Wisdom whose everlasting arms sustain me walking on the sea of life. Trust in my fellow men, wonder at their fundamental goodness and confidence that after this night of sorrow and oppression they will rise up strong and beautiful in the glory of morning. Reverence the beauty an preciousness of the earth, and a sense of responsibility to do what I can to make it a habitation of health and plenty all men. Faith in immortality because it renders less bitter the separation from those I have loved and lost, and because it will free me from unnatural limitations and unfold still more faculties I have in joyous activity. Even if my vital spark should be blown out, I believe that I should behave with courageous dignity in the presence of fate and strive to be a worthy companion of the beautiful, the good, and the True. But fate has its master in the faith of those who surmount it, and limitation has its limits those who, thought disillusioned, live greatly. True faith is not a fruit of security, it is the ability to blend mortal fragility with the inner strength of the spirit. It does not shift with the changing shades of one's thought. It was a terrible blow to my faith when I learned that millions of my fellow creatures must labor all their days food and shelter, bear the most crushing burdens and die without having known the joy of living. My security vanished ever, and I have never regained the radiant belief of my young years that earth is a happy home and hearth the majority of mankind. But faith is a state of mind. The believer is not soon disheartened. If he is turned out of his shelter, he builds up a house that the winds of the earth cannot destroy. When I think of the suffering and famine, and the continued slaughter of men, my spirit bleeds, but the thought comes to me that, like the little deaf, dumb and blind child I once was, mankind is growing out of the darkness of ignorance and hate into the light of a brighter day. 997

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