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时间:2018年12月19日 17:12:01

What then of manned space exploration?那载人的空间探索呢?The government recently announced plans to return to the moon by 2024.美国政府最近宣布了2024重返月球的计划。The successful conclusion of that mission will result in infrequent visitation of the moon by a small number of government scientists and pilots.这项任务的成功将使少数的政府雇佣的科学家和飞行员的探访月球活动。It will leave us no further along in the general expansion of humanity into space than we were 50 years ago.和五十年前相比,从人类探索宇宙的整体来看,并没有什么起步。Something fundamental has to change if we are to see common access to space in our lifetime.如果我们想要在有生之年让太空飞行变得习以为然必须有根本的改变。What Im going to show you next are a couple of controversial ideas.我下面要展示的是一些有争论的观点。And I hope youll bear with me and have some faith that theres credibility behind what were going to say here.我希望大家耐心听我讲并且相信,我们这里所说的是确实可信的。There are three underpinnings of working in space privately.私人探索太空工作有三大柱。One of them is the requirement for economical earth-to-space transport.其一是经济的地球到太空的交通运输。The Bert Rutans and Richard Bransons of this world have got this in their sights and I salute them.创业家们象伯特?鲁坦斯和理查德?布兰特(维珍航空公司的创始人)已经开始在这方面努力,我向他们致敬。Go, go, go.加油,加油,加油。The next thing we need are places to stay on orbit.我们需要的另一件事是轨道上的停留处。Orbital hotels to start with, but workshops for the rest of us later on.先以做太空酒店(旅游业)开始,之后可以我们的工作站。The final missing piece, the real paradigm-buster, is this:最后一点,真正能扭转乾坤的是:a gas station on orbit.太空轨道加油站。Its not going to look like that.它不会是图上这样的。If it existed, it would change all future spacecraft design and space mission planning.如果它存在,它会改变所有未来宇宙飞船和宇宙空间探索计划的设计。Now, to give you a chance to understand why there is power in that statement,Ive got to give you the basics of Space 101.现在,为了让大家明白此断言的分量,我要教大家一点儿太空基础知识。And the first thing is everything you do in space you pay by the kilogram.首先,你要为在太空里所做的每一件事情按千克付费。Anybody drink one of these here this week?有人这周喝过一杯这个吗?Youd pay 10,000 dollars for that in orbit.在轨道上你要为其付一万美元。Thats more than you pay for TED,那比你要参加TED付的费用还要多,if Google dropped their sponsorship.如果谷歌撤销他们的赞助的话。The second is more than 90 percent of the weight of a vehicle is in propellant.其次,推进剂占百分之九十多的飞船重量。Thus, every time youd want to do anything in space,因此,每次你想要在宇宙空间里做任何事,you are literally blowing away enormous sums of money every time you hit the accelerator.每次你踩加速器时,你就是在大笔地烧钱。Not even the guys at Tesla can fight that physics.即使是做Tesla(极品电动跑车)的家伙们也没法战胜那个物理现象。So, what if you could get your gas at a 10th the price?所以,如果你能都以十分之一的价钱得到燃料会怎样?There is a place where you can.有个地方可以让你这样做。In fact, you can get it better-you can get it at 14 times lower if you can find propellant on the moon.事实上,可以更便宜--你能以十四分之一的价格得到,如果你能够在月球上发现推进剂的话。There is a little-known mission that was launched by the Pentagon, 13 years ago now, called Clementine.美国国防部13年展开了一个鲜为人知的,称为克莱门汀的计划。And the most amazing thing that came out of that mission was a strong hydrogen signature at Shackleton crater on the south pole of the moon.这项计划最令人称奇的发现是在月球的南极沙克尔顿环形山探测到很强的氢气信号。That signal was so strong,那信号非常强,it could only have been produced by 10 trillion tons of water buried in the sediment, collected over millions and billions of years by the impact of asteroids and comet material.只有沉淀地下的10万亿吨水才能生成它,那水是成百上千万年,小行星和彗星撞击遗留物汇聚而成。If were going to get that, and make that gas station possible,如果我们要用这水使加油站的建造成为可能的话,we have to figure out ways to move large volumes of payload through space.我们必须找到在在太空中移动大量物资的方法。We cant do that right now.我们现在还做不到。The way you normally build a system right now is you have a tube stack that has to be launched from the ground,人们现在的做法是从地球使用多级火箭,and resist all kinds of aerodynamic forces.这种方法需要克各种空气动力效应。201512/415014

We are also enhancing the ability of customers to purchase products over the Internet, both from Compaq and our worldwide network of retailers.同时康柏也在不断增强客户通过Internet从康柏或全球分销商处购买康柏产品的能力。In fact, Compaq and its resellers today sell more than million dollars a day over the Internet - and that is more than Dell.实际上,康柏及其分销商现在每天的Internet销售额已超过600万美元,这甚至超过了Dell公司的销售额。We are proving that Compaq can bring together the widest array of products and services combined with the extensive capabilities of our resellers to offer you the best value in the industry.我们已经明康柏可以综合最多的产品和务,最广泛的分销商网络,为您提供业界最高的价值。How you buy is important but what you buy is just as critical.您购买产品的方式当然很重要,但是您购买的产品则更加重要。With the acquisition of Digital, Compaq has one of the broadest product portfolios in the industry - from handheld PCs to the most powerful enterprise servers.通过收购DEC,康柏已成为拥有业界最多产品系列的厂商之一,我们的生产销售范围极为广泛,从手持电脑到功能最为强大的企业级务器,无所不含。Since this is PC Expo, let me start with PCs.既然这是PCExpo,那我们就从电脑开始谈起吧。Now that we have completed the acquisition of Digital, we will merge the two companies PC product lines. This will give Compaq the most extensive and competitive line of desktop and networked PCs in the industry.现在我们已经完成了对DEC的收购,我们将合并两个公司的电脑产品系列。这将使康柏成为业界台式机和联网电脑产品最广泛、最具竞争力的厂商之一。According to first quarter numbers from International Data Corporation, Compaq remains the #1 desktop PC company in the world. I am particularly pleased that Compaq regained the #1 position in portable PCs in North America - in both the commercial and consumer segments.根据国际数据公司(IDC)第一季度的统计数字,康柏仍然是全球最大的台式电脑生产厂商。更让我感到欣慰的是,康柏重新赢得了北美地区笔记本电脑的首席位置--无论是在商用市场还是在家用市场。What that should tell you is that we are determined to maintain our position as the number one PC company worldwide. And we will do it by continuing to offer standards-based, innovative and easily managed desktops and portables that integrate seamlessly into your enterprise environment.我们希望使您知道,我们已经下定决心继续保持康柏做为全球第一位个人电脑公司的位置。为了达到这一目标,我们一定会继续提供符合工业标准、易于管理、具有创新功能的台式机,以及能够与您的企业环境实现完美集成的便携机。To those in the audience who are Digital customers, I want to assure you that we are not taking your business for granted. We intend to earn your trust and confidence.在座的DEC的客户们,请相信,我们不会认为您理所当然将成为合并后的康柏的客户。我们决意赢得您对我们的信任和信心。Although we will move the Digital PC line to Compaq-branded products, we will do so over a period of time that allows you to make the transition at your own pace.尽管我们将把DEC公司的电脑系列产品转为康柏品牌的产品,但我们的这一目标将会在一段时间内逐步进行,以使您能够按照自己的计划进行技术移植。I believe our customers will be well-served by this combination.我相信通过这次合并,我们的客户将会得到更多更优异的务。201311/266147

To those--to those who are disappointed that we couldnt go all of the way, especially the young people who put so much into this campaign, it would break my heart if, in falling short of my goal, I in any way discouraged any of you from pursuing yours.对于为我们没能走完全程而失望的人,特别是倾注了大量心血的年轻人,我在目标未实现之际出局,而如果我从某种程度上使你们放弃追求,那才是真正令我心碎的。Always aim high, work hard, and care deeply about what you believe in.永远持着远大的目标,努力工作,坚定地关注你所深信的。And, when you stumble, keep faith.当你遇到障碍时,要有信心。And, when youre knocked down, get right back up and never listen to anyone who says you cant or shouldnt go on.当你跌倒时,立刻爬起来,不要听信任何人所谓的你不行,不要继续下去的说法。As we gather here today in this historic, magnificent building, the 50th woman to leave this Earth is orbiting overhead.正当我们今天聚集在这历史悠久、富丽堂皇的建筑物之际,世界上第50位飞向太空的女性正在我们头上按轨道运行。If we can blast 50 women into space, we will someday launch a woman into the White House.如果我们能将50位女性送入太空,总有一天我们也能将一位女性送入白宫。Although we werent able to shatter that highest, hardest glass ceiling this time, thanks to you, its got about 18 million cracks in it--尽管我们此时此刻不能粉碎那高悬坚硬的天花板,但托你们的福,它上面几经有了1800万条裂缝。and the light is shining through like never before, filling us all with the hope and the sure knowledge that the path will be a little easier next time.前所未有的光明从中渗入,照亮我们,带着希望和定论——下一次道路会平坦得多。201411/340442


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